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(ep?i-de-me-ol'o-je) [ epi- + Gr. demos, people + -logy]
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states and events in populations and the application of this study to the control of health problems. Epidemiology is concerned with the study of epidemic diseases caused by infectious agents and with health-related phenomena including accidents, suicide, climate, toxic agents (e.g., lead, air pollution), and catastrophes due to ionizing radiation.
See: pharmacoepidemiologyepidemiologicepidemiological (ep?i-de-me-o-loj'ik) (ep?i-de-me-o-loj'i-kal), adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
An epidemiologic survey conducted in emergency rooms of the University Hospital in Marseilles, France, showed that 30% of 71 tested homeless persons had antibody titers against B.
Most epidemiologic studies on infection during early life and risk for PD were conducted in England.
While the epidemiologic investigation described in our case failed to yield positive environmental cultures, the link between beaver dwellings and blastomycosis has previously been suggested (8).
2004; Quik 2004; Ross and Petrovitch 2001), there is conflicting epidemiologic evidence regarding an association between smoking and risk of AD (Almeida et al.
Most of them recognized that the key to better management--and to being able to accelerate implementation efforts--is better quality health information, both technical and epidemiologic.
Initial clinical signs/symptoms and associated epidemiologic risk factors (contact with infected persons or body fluids, handling of bushmeat, attending the funeral of an Ebola case-patient) were presented mostly in closed response formats and had yes, no, and unknown response categories.
Epidemiologic approaches and statistical techniques exist to characterize uncertainty that can be applied to weight-of-evidence evaluations and risk characterization efforts.
The authors pointed out deficiencies in the epidemiologic data, especially that the pattern of drinking (regular moderate versus binge drinking) has generally not been taken into consideration, given that binge drinking is associated with much higher blood alcohol concentrations and acetaldehyde accumulation.
Focusing on systematic reviews of the epidemiologic and toxicologic evidence conducted at the behest of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), this committee has developed a growing list of conditions related to exposure that appear to be worthy of compensation.
The group also reviewed the epidemiologic studies on the personal use of hair dyes, but the evidence was not adequate for a definitive conclusion about such treatments.
The plaintiffs' experts had intended to refer to animal data, comparisons of the chemical structure of the drug with that of agents that cause fetal harm, and an unpublished reanalysis of epidemiologic studies.
This epidemiologic classification refers to epidemiologic certainty of disease status and should not be confused with severity of disease event, although the two sometimes overlap.