Epidemic polyarthritis is a self-limiting febrile arthralgia syndrome that closely resembles chikungunya and Mayaro fever.
Therefore, we investigated travelers returning to Germany from Australia with epidemic polyarthritis resulting from RRV infection.
The pattern of cytokine concentration elevations we demonstrated for patients with epidemic polyarthritis is similar to what has recently been described for patients with Mayaro fever (7) and chikungunya (6,10).
Other viral diseases like epidemic polyarthritis
Rift Valley fever Ross River Fever St.
has been known to be related to various mosquito-borne viral diseases (20).
It was first identified as epidemic polyarthritis in the Murrumbidgee River area of New South Wales, Australia, in 1928 (3).
The isolation of a third group A arbovirus in Australia, with preliminary observations on its relationship to epidemic polyarthritis.
A major outbreak of epidemic polyarthritis in New South Wales during the summer of 1983/1984.
Several thousand cases of epidemic polyarthritis are reported annually in Australia, making Ross River virus the most important arboviral pathogen in that country (2,3).
While both cases were highly clinically compatible with epidemic polyarthritis, and tests for Ross River virus-specific serum IgM antibody were positive in both, the first case is the most convincing serologically because seroconversion (i.
Epidemic polyarthritis (Ross River) virus infection in the Cook Islands.
The most common arbovirus causing human disease is Ross River virus, an alphavirus, which causes an epidemic polyarthritis