epicondylitis


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Related to epicondylitis: Medial epicondylitis

elbow

 [el´bo]
1. the bend of the upper limb; the area around the joint connecting the arm and forearm; see also elbow joint. Called also cubitus.
2. any angular bend.ƒ

The elbow joint connects the large bone of the upper arm, the humerus, with the two smaller bones of the lower arm, the radius and ulna. It is one of the body's more versatile joints, with a combined hinge and rotating action allowing the arm to bend and the hand to make a half turn. The flexibility of the elbow and shoulder joints together permits a nearly infinite variety of hand movements.

The action of the elbow is controlled primarily by the biceps and the triceps muscles. When the biceps contracts, the arm bends at the elbow. When the triceps contracts, the arm straightens. In each action, the opposite muscle exerts a degree of opposing tension, moderating the movement so that it is smooth and even instead of sudden and jerky.

As in other joints, the ends of the bones meeting at the elbow have a smooth covering of cartilage that minimizes friction when the joint is moved. The elbow joint is lubricated with synovia, and its movement is eased by the bursa, a small sac of connective tissue. The bones forming the joint are held together by tough, fibrous ligaments. The “funny bone” is not a bone but the ulnar nerve, a vulnerable and sensitive nerve lying close to the surface near the point of the elbow. Hitting it causes a tingling pain or sensation that may be felt all the way to the fingers.
Disorders of the Elbow. The elbows, like the knees, are continually exposed to bumps, twists, and wrenches. Elbow injuries include fracture of a bone near the joint, dislocation, and tearing of tendons and ligaments. Dislocation and fracture may occur together. arthritis may affect the elbow and make it stiff or impossible to move. Special exercises, manipulation, and heat therapy may be prescribed to help restore flexibility. bursitis can also cause pain in the elbow, often as a result of excessive use of the joint.
Elbow. From Jarvis, 2000.
tennis elbow a term often used for bursitis of the elbow but more accurately referring to tendinitis felt in the outer aspect of the elbow due to inflammation of the extensor tendon attached to the lateral humeral condyle. Rest and heat therapy usually relieve it. It affects both tennis players and others who put stress on the elbow.

ep·i·con·dy·li·tis

(ep'i-kon-di-lī'tis),
Inflammation of an epicondyle.

epicondylitis

(ĕp′ĭ-kŏn′dl-ī′tĭs)
n.
An inflammation of an epicondyle or of the tissues adjacent to it.

epicondylitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of the elbow due to overuse

ep·i·con·dy·li·tis

(ep'i-kon-di-lī'tis)
Inflammation of an epicondyle, or of associated tendons and other soft tissues, particularly the medial or lateral epicondyle of the humerus.

epicondylitis

See TENNIS ELBOW.

Epicondylitis

A painful and sometimes disabling inflammation of the muscle and surrounding tissues of the elbow caused by repeated stress and strain on the forearm near the lateral epicondyle of the humerus (arm bone).
Mentioned in: Tennis Elbow

ep·i·con·dy·li·tis

(ep'i-kon-di-lī'tis)
Infection or inflammation of an epicondyle, or of associated tendons and other soft tissues.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lateral Epicondylitis Function Scale (LEFS) was used in the evaluation of the level of upper extremity functions of the patients.
Plateletrich plasma versus autologous whole blood for the treatment of chronic lateral elbow epicondylitis: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
The second largest amount of research on the effects of ESWT was focused on lateral epicondylitis. In 2009, Buchbinder et al, conducted a systematic review analyzing 9 different randomized controlled trials on the use of ESWT for lateral epicondylitis and found no significant difference between symptoms after ESWT and placebo, and increased adverse effects with the use of ESWT.
This double-blinded, randomized, controlled study comparing the effects of LR (Table 1: type 1A) and leukocyte-poor PRP (LP-PRP) (Table 1: type 3A) on function and pain in patients with lateral epicondylitis was conducted at Erciyes University between 15 February 2015 and 15 June 2015.
Connell, "Medial epicondylitis: is ultrasound guided autologous blood injection an effective treatment?," British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.
(2013) Comparative effectiveness of injection therapies in lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review and network metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials.
Incidence of tenosynovitis or peritendinitis and epicondylitis in a meat-processing factory.
lontophoretic administration of dexamethasone sodium phosphate for acute epicondylitis. A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study.
Blanchette and Norman (32) measured the effects of IASTM for lateral epicondylitis in a group of 27 subjects.
Agostinucci, McLinden, and Cherry (2012) conducted a randomized controlled trial assessing the effect of cryotherapy and exercise on lateral epicondylitis. Outcome variables included grip strength, self-reported pain during single-arm pick up, and a questionnaire assessing disabilities of the hand, arm, and shoulder.
* Other diseases like medial epicondylitis, impaired sensibility, paralysis, etc., that would affect the outcome measure.