epicondylitis


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Related to epicondylitis: Medial epicondylitis

elbow

 [el´bo]
1. the bend of the upper limb; the area around the joint connecting the arm and forearm; see also elbow joint. Called also cubitus.
2. any angular bend.ƒ

The elbow joint connects the large bone of the upper arm, the humerus, with the two smaller bones of the lower arm, the radius and ulna. It is one of the body's more versatile joints, with a combined hinge and rotating action allowing the arm to bend and the hand to make a half turn. The flexibility of the elbow and shoulder joints together permits a nearly infinite variety of hand movements.

The action of the elbow is controlled primarily by the biceps and the triceps muscles. When the biceps contracts, the arm bends at the elbow. When the triceps contracts, the arm straightens. In each action, the opposite muscle exerts a degree of opposing tension, moderating the movement so that it is smooth and even instead of sudden and jerky.

As in other joints, the ends of the bones meeting at the elbow have a smooth covering of cartilage that minimizes friction when the joint is moved. The elbow joint is lubricated with synovia, and its movement is eased by the bursa, a small sac of connective tissue. The bones forming the joint are held together by tough, fibrous ligaments. The “funny bone” is not a bone but the ulnar nerve, a vulnerable and sensitive nerve lying close to the surface near the point of the elbow. Hitting it causes a tingling pain or sensation that may be felt all the way to the fingers.
Disorders of the Elbow. The elbows, like the knees, are continually exposed to bumps, twists, and wrenches. Elbow injuries include fracture of a bone near the joint, dislocation, and tearing of tendons and ligaments. Dislocation and fracture may occur together. arthritis may affect the elbow and make it stiff or impossible to move. Special exercises, manipulation, and heat therapy may be prescribed to help restore flexibility. bursitis can also cause pain in the elbow, often as a result of excessive use of the joint.
Elbow. From Jarvis, 2000.
tennis elbow a term often used for bursitis of the elbow but more accurately referring to tendinitis felt in the outer aspect of the elbow due to inflammation of the extensor tendon attached to the lateral humeral condyle. Rest and heat therapy usually relieve it. It affects both tennis players and others who put stress on the elbow.

ep·i·con·dy·li·tis

(ep'i-kon-di-lī'tis),
Inflammation of an epicondyle.

epicondylitis

(ĕp′ĭ-kŏn′dl-ī′tĭs)
n.
An inflammation of an epicondyle or of the tissues adjacent to it.

epicondylitis

[ep′ikon′dilī′tis]
a painful and sometimes disabling inflammation of the muscle and surrounding tissues of the elbow, caused by repeated strain on the forearm near the medial or lateral epicondyle of the humerus. The strain may result from violent extension or supination of the wrist against a resisting force, such as may occur in playing tennis or golf, twisting a screwdriver, or carrying a heavy load with the arm extended. Treatment usually includes rest, injection of procaine with or without hydrocortisone, stretching and strengthening of the muscle, and, in some cases, surgery to release part of the muscle from the epicondyle. See also golfer's elbow, lateral humeral epicondylitis.

epicondylitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of the elbow due to overuse

ep·i·con·dy·li·tis

(ep'i-kon-di-lī'tis)
Inflammation of an epicondyle, or of associated tendons and other soft tissues, particularly the medial or lateral epicondyle of the humerus.

epicondylitis

See TENNIS ELBOW.

Epicondylitis

A painful and sometimes disabling inflammation of the muscle and surrounding tissues of the elbow caused by repeated stress and strain on the forearm near the lateral epicondyle of the humerus (arm bone).
Mentioned in: Tennis Elbow

ep·i·con·dy·li·tis

(ep'i-kon-di-lī'tis)
Infection or inflammation of an epicondyle, or of associated tendons and other soft tissues.

epicondylitis

(ep´ikon´dəlī´tis),
n a painful repetitive strain injury of the elbow characterized by inflammation or lesions in the muscles or tendons where they attach to the bone. Often known as “tennis elbow” when it affects the outside of the joint or “golfer's elbow” when it affects the inside of the joint.

epicondylitis

inflammation of an epicondyle or of tissues adjoining the humeral epicondyle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Strength and pain measures associated with lateral epicondylitis bracing.
multimodal care that included an education booklet (disease process, self-management, ergonomics) along with elbow manipulation, exercise (supervised and home-based), and self-manipulation was found to be statistically and clinically more important than education alone for persistent lateral epicondylitis.
MR imaging findings of lateral ulnar collateral ligament abnormalities in patients with lateral epicondylitis.
The authors suggest that this may related to lateral epicondylitis being caused by repeated microtrauma rather than inflammation (perhaps this is why NSAIDs are not always beneficial either).
Repetitive eccentric loading of these muscles may lead to overload and the onset of lateral epicondylitis.
As I mentioned above, the most widespread disease is karpal tunnel syndrome, then follows radial humeral epicondylitis and Secondary Raynaud's syndrome caused by vibrations.
This was particularly true for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, known as tennis elbow.
This non- invasive treatment has emerged as a non- surgical treatment option for a variety of musculoskeletal conditions, including chronic plantar fasciitis and lateral epicondylitis, over the years.
Description: This 62 page document reviews the evidence relating to carpel tunnel syndrome, non-specific arm pain, tenosynovitis, and lateral epicondylitis.