epicardium


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epicardium

 [ep″i-kahr´de-um]
the inner layer of the serous pericardium, which is in contact with the heart.

vis·cer·al lay·er of se·rous per·i·car·di·um

[TA]
the inner part of the serous pericardium applied directly on the heart.

epicardium

(ĕp′ĭ-kär′dē-əm)
n. pl. epicar·dia (-dē-ə)
The inner layer of the pericardium that is in actual contact with the surface of the heart.

ep′i·car′di·al adj.

epicardium

The inner layer of the bag surrounding the heart (the PERICARDIUM).

epicardium

the external covering of the HEART wall.
References in periodicals archive ?
With regard to age, although the older group had larger amounts of fat both in epicardium and myocardium, no statistical difference was found between the groups (Table 1).
demonstrated the activation of Aldh1a2 in the endocardium and epicardium and showed that retinoic acid signaling is crucial for CM proliferation during zebrafish cardiac regeneration [221].
Through morphological assessment and functional assay, they found that the generated epicardium cells were similar to epicardium cells in living humans and those grown in the laboratory.
Figure 6 compares the normal and abnormal epicardium action potentials, showing k, [h.sub.L], and [H.sub.R] have influences on epicardium action potential forms.
Crystals found in lungs, esophagus, kidney, epicardium, pericardium, and tricuspid valve at autopsy.
The pericardium was cut off at the left atrial appendage and the LAD could be showed out; then about 1.5 cm LAD was separated out from the epicardium and adipose tissue carefully.
As by their name, these cells can be retrieved in the epicardium and are identified by the expression of the Wilms tumor protein, codified by the gene Wt1 [71].
These models are meant to segment the endocardium and epicardium areas of the left ventricle.
The process of compaction proceeds from epicardium to endocardium.
LGE is patchy and typically found in the myocardium and epicardium of the basal and lateral LV walls [63] (Figure 6), though subendocardial or transmural hyperenhancement has also been observed, resembling an ischemic pattern [35].
Inflammatory cells were present throughout the organ and affected different heart structures (endocardium, myocardium and epicardium).