epicardial pacing


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epicardial pacing

Electrical pacing of the heart by conductive leads inserted surgically, usually during bypass graft or valvular operations. The leads are used in the postoperative period for the management of heart blocks or dysrhythmias and are removed as the patient stabilizes.
See also: pacing
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References in periodicals archive ?
Temporary epicardial pacing after cardiac surgery: A practical review Part 1: General consideration in the management of epicardial pacing.
Steroid-eluting epicardial pacing electrodes: six-year experience of pacing thresholds in a growing pediatric population.
The epicardial pacing protocol consisted of pacing the heart with 2 mA pulses (5 msec duration) for [greater than or equal to] 5 sec at 5-15 Hz pacing frequencies (incremented stepwise by 1 Hz).
In most of the patients, CRT has been provided by biventricular pacing with a lead inserted transvenously in a tributary vein or the coronary sinus for the epicardial pacing of the left ventricle.
Its lowest (1.6 [+ or -] 0.5 times as much) and greatest (2.4 [+ or -] 0.3 times as much) increases were observed under endocardial pacing of the LV middle part and epicardial pacing of the LV base, respectively.