Most authors consider that the presence of microtia and preauricular tags along with facial asymmetry, mandible/maxilla hypoplasia, and epibulbar dermoid is necessary for diagnosis.
Ocular anomalies are common in GS and include epibulbar dermoids, lipodermoids, microphthalmia, and upper palpebral colobomata.
Ocular examination revealed yellowish soft noninflamed mass in the right eye identified as epibulbar dermoid
at the inferotemporal limbus.
Oculoauricular dysplasia, consisting of preauricular appendages, fistulas, and epibulbar dermoids
, was first described in 1952 by the Swiss ophthalmologist Maurice Goldenhar and hence named Goldenhar syndrome.
DISCUSSION: Goldenhar described a syndrome with epibulbar dermoids
, pre-auricular appendages and mandibular hypoplasia (hemifacial microsomia) which was expanded by Gorlin etal to "occuloauriculovertebral spectrum".