GI was characterized by a clear or yellowish CSF, a granular ependymitis, a pink or whitish choroid plexus, and identifiable anatomical landmarks [Figure 1]a, [Figure 1]b, [Figure 1]c, [Figure 1]d.
Although NES completely removes the debris and pus, ependymitis is not fundamentally cured.
In children, the most frequent tuberculous lesions encountered were tuberculomas (72.7%) followed by tubercular meningitis (54.5%) and ependymitis (9.0%).
The most common complications encountered in adults in decreasing order of frequency were infarcts (31.25%), obstructive hydrocephalus (25%), cerebritis (9.37%) and ependymitis (6.25%).
In our study, the most common tuberculous lesions encountered in children were tuberculomas (72.7%) followed by tubercular meningitis (54.5%) and ependymitis (9.0%) (Fig.
Hydrocephalus was caused by blockage of the CSF flow within the ventricular system due to ependymitis with exudation of inflammatory material.
The radiological differential diagnosis of periventricular enhancement in HIV infection is usually tuberculosis, lymphoma and viral ependymitis (CMV or varicela-zoster virus).