eosinophilic meningoencephalitis


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e·o·sin·o·phil·ic me·nin·go·en·ceph·a·li·tis

a disease most commonly caused by infection by the rat lungworm, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the larvae of which, ingested with infected slugs or land snails (or some unidentified transport host), migrate from intestine to the meninges of the brain where the disease is produced; it is usually mild, of short duration, and characterized by fever, eosinophilia, and white blood cells (rarely nematode larvae) in the spinal fluid. Manifestations are both meningeal and indicative of brain disfuction.
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Eosinophilic meningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis as the cause of death in captive nonhuman primates.
Earlier case reports of diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis or eosinophilic meningoencephalitis are compatible with Baylisascaris infection (4).
The first human case was reported in 1984 in a 10-month-old infant with fatal eosinophilic meningoencephalitis (18).
procyonis and a case of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis reported in an infant in 1975 (26,30,31).

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