eosinophilic cystitis

e·o·sin·o·phil·ic cys·ti·tis

bladder inflammation with many eosinophils in urinary sediment as well as bladder wall.
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2,3] Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is a rare inflammatory disease of the bladder with unknown etiology, characterized by numerous eosinophilic infiltrations of the bladder.
Microscopic examination of the urinary bladder revealed chronic inflammation, including a prominent eosinophilia involving the mucosa and the full thickness of the lamina propria, demonstrating the standard case with eosinophilic cystitis (Fig.
These include eosinophilic cystitis, herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, epidural anaesthesia, anti-cholinergic or sympathomimetic agents, urinary tract infection (UTI), and postpartum, postoperative and psychogenic causes (Table 3).
Cystoscopy is done after transient causes are eliminated and can diagnose urethral stenosis, urethral cancer, eosinophilic cystitis and bladder stones.
Noninfectious cystitis includes interstitial cystitis, eosinophilic cystitis, drug-induced cystitis, and postsurgical necrobiotic granulomas.
Objective: Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is a histological diagnosis that can affect all layers of bladder, characterized with eosinophilic infiltration, inflammatory cells, mucosal fibrosis, and necrosis in muscular layer.
Our experience with 3 patients shows that the initial diagnosis of eosinophilic cystitis may not be easily made, and that the lesions produced may mask other disease processes.
Other conditions which show eosinophiluria include eosinophilic cystitis, (5) atheroembolic renal disease, (9) and schistosomiasis.
Miscellaneous/other causes of urinary retention in women Eosinophilic cystitis Postpartum Herpes simplex virus infection Epidural anaesthesia Anticholinergic therapy Psychogenic Urinary tract infection Postoperative
The presence and diagnostic relevance of Charcot-Leyden crystals (CLCs) in eosinophilic cystitis (EC) was reported in detail recently.
These appearances, as well as some unusual variants of invasive urothelial carcinoma, including lymphoma-like, lymphoepithelioma-like, and plasmacytoid variants, (61) may be mimicked by lesions associated with a prominent inflammatory infiltrate, such as follicular and eosinophilic cystitis.
Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is an inflammatory condition first described more than 85 years ago.

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