environmental medicine


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to environmental medicine: Occupational and Environmental Medicine

environmental medicine

n.
The study of the effects of environmental exposure to synthetic chemicals on the immune system. Also called clinical ecology.

environmental medicine

Fringe medicine
A field that explores the role of dietary and environmental allergens in health and illness. The intent of EM is to identify toxins in the environment through elimination diets, skin testing, provocation/ neutralisation testing, electroacupuncture, biofeedback, and radioallergosorbent testing, and to reduce patient exposure to noxious agents in the environment. Environmental medicine (EM) is believed by its practitioners (clinical ecologists) to address a wide range of conditions.
 
The concepts and practices of clinical ecology (environmental medicine) have been evaluated by several professional bodies, including the American Academy of Allergy and Immunology; all have concluded that environmental disease has not been proven to exist and that clinical ecology (environmental medicine) is not a valid discipline. Although there is little data to support the efficacy of EM in peer-reviewed journals, the concept that low levels of noxious components in the environment may cause disease has been attractive to some workers.

Diagnosis
Neutralisation, a test of uncertain validity which consists of either subdermal injection or sublingual placement of the allegedly offending substance and evaluating the reactions; some clinical ecologists identify offending substances by crystals, pendulums, galvanometers and other devices.
 
Disease managed by environmental medicine
• Allergies;
• Cardiovascular (angina, arrhythmia, thrombophlebitis, vasculitis);
• Paediatric (bedwetting, chronic otitis, learning disabilities);
• Endocrine (autoimmune thyroiditis, hypoglycaemia);
• ENT (allergies, sinus headaches, vertigo);
• Gastrointestinal (bloating, constipation, gastritis, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome);
• Gynaecologic (dyspareunia, premenstrual syndrome);
• Skin (angiooedema, eczema);
• Neuromuscular (epilepsy, headaches, migraines, myalgias);
• Psychiatric (anxiety, ADD/ADHD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, sexual dysfunction);
• Rheumatic (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus).

en·vi·ron·men·tal med·i·cine

(en-vī'rŏn-men'tăl med'i-sin)
That branch of health care involved with therapy of patients who are afflicted by causes related to the environment (e.g., duststorms, heat, overcrowding); also studies role of diet and environmental allergens on health and illness, among many other considerations.
References in periodicals archive ?
He used the Crinnion Opinion podcast and blog to keep his many followers informed about the latest information and protocols in the environmental medicine field.
Reflecting the trend toward unification of the two fields of occupational medicine (workplace health) and environmental medicine (which looks broadly at air- and water-born health threats), this single-authored reference is intended for physicians--those who intend to specialize in OEM, those shifting to the field in mid-career, and those practicing occupational medicine who want to rethink their practice in broader terms.
(7) Yet, few doctors have learned about Chemical Sensitivity or Chronic Fatigue or learned how they can be treated with Environmental Medicine. In my many years of medical training, I never even heard of these Environmental Illnesses.
After completing the training, physicians are qualified to take the Board Examination in Preventive Medicine Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Part-time training opportunities are available.
Professor Jouni Jaakkola, director of Birmingham University's Institute for Environmental Medicine said: "Although the symptoms are not dangerous, they are unpleasant and disruptive for many people.
That dose, once determined for each person, is called a provocation dose, notes study co-author Neil Alexis, assistant professor of pediatrics in the Division of Allergy, Immunology and Environmental Medicine.
"Controlling greenhouse gas emissions is a key part of our state's strategy to fight air pollution," said ALA CA Clean Air Technical Advisory Group member and San Francisco General Hospital division chief of occupational and environmental medicine John Balmes.
Living next door to a gas station or an auto repair business might be associated with an increased risk of childhood leukemia, according to a study published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2004;61:773-778).
Beckett, who studies environmental medicine at the University of Rochester in New York.
Samuel Epstein, emeritus professor of occupational and environmental medicine at the University of Illinois School of Public Health, says that only five percent of sprayed chemicals reach crops, while 95 percent drift to surrounding areas.
Other participants are Dynasafe GmbH (Germany), the Danish National Environmental Research Institute (NERI), and the Danish Clinic of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (COEM).

Full browser ?