environmental medicine


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Related to environmental medicine: Occupational and Environmental Medicine

environmental medicine

n.
The study of the effects of environmental exposure to synthetic chemicals on the immune system. Also called clinical ecology.

environmental medicine

a practice of medicine in which the major focus is on cause-and-effect relationships in health. Evaluations are made of such factors as eating and living habits and types of air breathed. Testing in the patient's own environment is performed to determine what precipitators are present that may be related to disease or other health problems. A treatment protocol is developed from this information.

environmental medicine

Fringe medicine
A field that explores the role of dietary and environmental allergens in health and illness. The intent of EM is to identify toxins in the environment through elimination diets, skin testing, provocation/ neutralisation testing, electroacupuncture, biofeedback, and radioallergosorbent testing, and to reduce patient exposure to noxious agents in the environment. Environmental medicine (EM) is believed by its practitioners (clinical ecologists) to address a wide range of conditions.
 
The concepts and practices of clinical ecology (environmental medicine) have been evaluated by several professional bodies, including the American Academy of Allergy and Immunology; all have concluded that environmental disease has not been proven to exist and that clinical ecology (environmental medicine) is not a valid discipline. Although there is little data to support the efficacy of EM in peer-reviewed journals, the concept that low levels of noxious components in the environment may cause disease has been attractive to some workers.

Diagnosis
Neutralisation, a test of uncertain validity which consists of either subdermal injection or sublingual placement of the allegedly offending substance and evaluating the reactions; some clinical ecologists identify offending substances by crystals, pendulums, galvanometers and other devices.
 
Disease managed by environmental medicine
• Allergies;
• Cardiovascular (angina, arrhythmia, thrombophlebitis, vasculitis);
• Paediatric (bedwetting, chronic otitis, learning disabilities);
• Endocrine (autoimmune thyroiditis, hypoglycaemia);
• ENT (allergies, sinus headaches, vertigo);
• Gastrointestinal (bloating, constipation, gastritis, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome);
• Gynaecologic (dyspareunia, premenstrual syndrome);
• Skin (angiooedema, eczema);
• Neuromuscular (epilepsy, headaches, migraines, myalgias);
• Psychiatric (anxiety, ADD/ADHD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, sexual dysfunction);
• Rheumatic (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus).

en·vi·ron·men·tal med·i·cine

(en-vī'rŏn-men'tăl med'i-sin)
That branch of health care involved with therapy of patients who are afflicted by causes related to the environment (e.g., duststorms, heat, overcrowding); also studies role of diet and environmental allergens on health and illness, among many other considerations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ken Olden is the third director of the NIEHS, and his leadership in that role has had a major impact on the way we perceive environmental medicine.
ACOEM represents more than 5,000 physicians and other health care professionals specializing in the field of occupational and environmental medicine (OEM).
Join experts appointed by the International Section of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM) and International SOS as they discuss the occupational and environmental health aspects of the Japan earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster, as well as the ways companies can continue to effectively communicate with and support affected employees and their families.
To this day, the American Medical Association's (AMA) 18-year-old policy is that Environmental Medicine lacks substantiating data and that Environmental Illness (EI) and Chronic Fatigue are not valid diagnoses.
The study, whose results were published in the May 2007 issue of Environmental Health Perspectives, was a collaboration by researchers from the School of Public Health; the School of Medicine's Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma and Lung Biology; and the U.
Natick Soldier Center and Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, for Nutritionally Optimized First Strike Rations
Wilson is a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and the American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM).
An international group from the university's environmental medicine department teamed up with the National Cheng Kung University, in Taiwan, to study more than 32,000 schoolchildren in the Far East country.
Their findings,published in the Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine this month,involved the study dietary evolution.
Thurston, an associate professor of environmental medicine at the New York University School of medicine, children with asthma should be looked at as a signal to everyone.
Beckett, who studies environmental medicine at the University of Rochester in New York.
Samuel Epstein, emeritus professor of occupational and environmental medicine at the University of Illinois School of Public Health, says that only five percent of sprayed chemicals reach crops, while 95 percent drift to surrounding areas.

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