enuresis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to enuresis: diurnal enuresis

enuresis

 [en″u-re´sis]
a type of urinary incontinence, usually referring to involuntary discharge of urine during sleep at night (nocturnal enuresis or bed-wetting), such as in a child beyond the age when bladder control should have been achieved. adj., adj enuret´ic. It can occur as a result of such organic conditions as structural defects or infections of the urinary tract, neurologic deficit and resultant loss of control, nocturnal epilepsy, diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus, which increase urine flow, and renal disorders that impair the kidney's ability to concentrate urine. If no organic basis can be found for bed-wetting, psychogenic factors are considered.
Patient Care. Efforts to manage enuresis require patience on the part of parents and understanding that the child may be embarrassed by the condition and its effects. Reprimands and punishment are not appropriate and only make matters worse. The child also needs to be encouraged to participate in planning and implementing the program of care and to have hope and confidence that the problem can be overcome.

Among the techniques used to manage nocturnal enuresis are restricting fluids after the evening meal, bladder training to help enlarge the capacity of the bladder, and fully awakening the child once or twice during the night to walk to the bathroom and urinate. Electronic devices that establish a conditioned reflex response to waken the child the moment urination starts are successful in some cases. An anticholinergic drug may be prescribed as an adjunct to any of these techniques. desmopressin acetate nasal spray (DDAVP) may also be used.

en·u·re·sis

(en'yū-rē'sis), Do not confuse this word with emuresis.
Involuntary discharge or leakage of urine.
[G. en-oureō, to urinate in]

enuresis

(ĕn′yə-rē′sĭs)
n.
The involuntary discharge of urine; urinary incontinence.

en′u·ret′ic (-rĕt′ĭk) adj.

enuresis

Psychiatry Nocturnal and daytime incontinence of urine Vox populi Bed-wetting. See Elimination disorder.

en·u·re·sis

(en-yūr-ē'sis)
Urinary incontinence; particularly nocturnal (i.e., bed wetting).
[G. en-oureō, to urinate in]

enuresis

Bedwetting. The involuntary passage of urine, especially during sleep.

en·u·re·sis

(en-yūr-ē'sis) Do not confuse this word with emuresis.
Involuntary discharge or leakage of urine.
[G. en-oureō, to urinate in]
References in periodicals archive ?
Nocturnal enuresis in India: Are we diagnosing and managing correctly?
We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of children with enuresis. Data were recorded prospectively by direct interview with the families and the children through history, physical examination, urinalysis, and a voiding diary by a single observer.
The work-up of patients presenting with enuresis involves careful history taking, physical examination, laboratory testing, and imaging.
The aim of this study was to better understand the correlation between nocturnal enuresis and ADHD as well as the risk factors of NE in children with ADHD.
Enuresis: es un sintoma de la incontinencia intermitente que se produce durante los periodos de sueno.
Enuresis is an unconscious, involuntary, and non-violent act; linking it directly to violent crime may be problematic (Hickey, 2010).
This study aimed to report on methods at the time of initiation and the time of completion of toilet training, as well as any relationships among these factors and enuresis in our setting.
Results: Multivariate analysis revealed stool frequency, drinking water before going to bed, awaking the child to toilet at night, and appetite were independent risk factors affecting the severity of enuresis. The complete response rate of enuresis and partial response rate in full compliance group are higher than those of partial compliance and non-compliance group (21.9% vs 11.3%, 78.1% vs 59.8%; 21.9% vs 0%, 78.1% vs 49.1%; P<0.01).
Information regarding video game playing, age, nationality, type of housing, region, physical activity, nocturnal enuresis, school performance, and educational and occupational backgrounds of parents was obtained.