It demonstrates the need to maximize the benefits of all available strategies in a bid to better describe the diversity of enteroviruses
in any sample of interest.
In particular, it calls for further investigation into factors that may contribute to the uncharacteristic occurrences of sporadic cases of enteroviruses
during the winter months.
DISCUSSION: Hand-Foot-Mouth disease is an acute highly contagious disease caused by several enteroviruses
, such as coxsackie virus A6, A10, A16 and enterovirus 71.
According to the CDC, there are hundreds of types of enteroviruses
and rhinoviruses, and both can cause symptoms such as the common cold or severe illnesses.
Concentration and purification of beef extract mock eluates from water samples for the detection of enteroviruses
, hepatitis A virus and Norwalk virus by reverse transcription PCR.
Clinical diagnosis depends primarily on patients' positive tests for enteroviruses
isolated and identified as CoxA16, HEV71, or other common enteroviruses
known to cause HFMD.
The human enteroviruses
are classified into 4 species in the genus Enterovirus on the basis of their genetic relationships.
"The link between enteroviruses
and the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes probably involves and interplay between viruses, pancreatic beta-cells, the innate and adaptive immune systems, and the genotype of the patient."
While more studies are necessary to understand these associations and to establish pathogenic mechanisms of enterovirus infections, clear evidence of an association between enteroviruses
and type 1 diabetes "opens up the possibility of developing new preventive and therapeutic strategies to fight this disease."
Childhood diabetes has been linked to enteroviruses
, which can lead to cold, flu and even meningitis.
Recently, some clinically severe or highly transmissible pathogenic viruses, such as influenza A virus (INFAV), human adenovirus (HAdV), and enteroviruses
, have attracted public attention (Heikkinen, 2006; Lin, Huang, Ning, & Tsao, 2004).
belong to the Picornaviridae family and include more than 100 serotypes divided among 5 groups (poliovirus, human enterovirus A, human enterovirus B, human enterovirus C, and human enterovirus D) (1).