Morbidity Mortality Actinosis 2,51 0,39 Pneumonia 7,78 2,56 Bovine respiratory disease 11,03 3,38 Copper deficiency 26 1 Blackleg, Gas gangrene, Enterotoxaemia
2,9 2,4 Note: Table made from bar graph.
Similarly in Tharparkar, the common diseases of large ruminants were Black Quarter, Foot and Mouth Disease, Enterotoxaemia
, Anthrax, contagious Caprine Pleuro- Pneumonia, Sura and Mange.
perfringens type A from 5 week old goat died in enterotoxaemia
by PCR was earlier reported (Dray, 2004).
Lambs were housed in an individual pens at King Saud University (KSU) research station and injected sub-cutanously with 2 ml enterotoxaemia
vaccine and Ivomic for internal and external parasites.
Diseases with nervous signs occurring in young calves include meningitis, lead poisoning, enterotoxaemia
, hypovitaminosis A and hypomag-nesaemia (Radostits, 1964).
Therefore, type A exhibits several powerful toxicities, and infection with type A may result in myonecrosis, hemolysis, an increase in vascular permeability and platelet aggregation [25;14].The major lethal effects associated with this toxin are gas gangrene in human and necrotic enteritis and enterotoxaemia
in animals .Epsilon toxin is produced by types B and D of C.
The results of our study demonstrated that hematological values fluctuated after post experimental infection but almost remained within the normal range however, blood glucose, urea and serum creatinine levels increased significantly as the disease progressed and could be diagnostic under field conditions in animals suspected for type D enterotoxaemia
Adhesive fimbriae produced in vivo by Escherichia coli O139:K12(B):H1 associated with enterotoxaemia
. This disease causes severe dysentery, abdominal pain, dehydration and death in 7-10 day-old calves.
The most important diseases of livestock are foot and mouth disease (FMD), hemorrhagic septicemia, black quarter, rinderpest in cattle and buffaloes, and sheep pox, anthrax and enterotoxaemia
in sheep and goats.
Young animals, lambs (6-12 months) and kids (3-12 weeks) old have been found to be the most susceptible groups for the enterotoxaemia
disease (Jones et al., 2015; Naz et al., 2012).
The animals were vaccinated against enterotoxaemia
, foot and mouth disease, goat pox and pleuro-pneumonia.