enteroendocrine cell


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enteroendocrine cell

One of the scattered hormone-producing cells found in the pancreatic islets and throughout the gastrointestinal (mainly, small intestinal) mucosa.
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
Some enteroendocrine cells have long cytoplasmic protrusions thanks to which the secreted substances may be delivered directly to distant effector cells or blood vessels [18].
A great number of hormones secreted by different types of enteroendocrine cells present in the epithelium lining the gastrointestinal tract are now known.
ENTEROENDOCRINE CELLS OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT IN ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
The enteroendocrine cells were on the conjunctive tissue, between the duodenal crypts and muscular layer, near the final portion of the bile duct.
The population of enteroendocrine cells was smaller in the distal segments of the small intestine, and among the studied cells, the argyrophillic cells were more abundant.
Quantitative distribution of enteroendocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract of adult opossum, Didelphis virginiana.
At 11 weeks, a few enteroendocrine cells could be observed in the intestinal crypt.
The number of enteroendocrine cells increased and were seen both in the crypts and in the villi.
The enteroendocrine cells showed a further increase in number.
The issue here is that the intestinal tract and inflammatory bowel and Crohn's disease is found to have excessive amounts of serotonin in the enteroendocrine cells.
Within 28 days, these steps resulted in the formation of three-dimensional tissue resembling fetal intestine that contained all the major intestinal cell types--including enterocytes, goblet, Paneth and enteroendocrine cells.
The study showed that in the so-called enteroendocrine cells, TGR5 controls the secretion of the hormone Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 (GLP-1), which plays a critical role in the control of pancreatic function and the regulation of blood sugar levels.