Bitter stimuli induce [Ca.sup.2] signaling and CCK release in enteroendocrine
STC-1 cells: role of L-type voltage-sensitive [Ca.sup.2] channels.
Opioid peptides in the stomach originate from both enteroendocrine
cells and ENS neurons.
Treatment significantly suppressed expression of PPAR- y, Accl, and Fas, suggesting inhibition of triglyceride storage in adipocytes Glucoregulatory  action of RSV in HFD-fed diabetic wild-type mice, in part through modulation of the enteroendocrine
axis in vivo Administration of  resveratrol and quercetin together prevented body weight gain and reduced serum insulin levels.
Ultimately, targets for such precision tools will include immunological processes and inflammation, in addition to enteroendocrine
cells, gut sensory functions, and the whole array of gut-brain axis communication.
Evidence indicates that the pathophysiology of IBS is related to a variety of cells in the intestine including epithelial cells, enteroendocrine
cells, neuronal cells, and immune cells.
The TA cells will then proliferate and migrate upwards towards the crypt-villus junction, where they terminally differentiate into all different cell types, including enterocytes, goblet cells, enteroendocrine
cells, and tuft cells, before reaching the villus tip and being exfoliated into the lumen, with the exception of Paneth cells that will migrate downwards back to the stem cell zone.
Scientists have already discovered that sweet receptor is involved in insulin secretion: (a) indirect mechanism-activation of sweet receptor transduction pathway in enteroendocrine
L cells led to the release of glucagon-like peptide1 (GLP-1), which in turn enhanced insulin release from the pancreas ; (b) direct mechanism-sweet taste receptor expressed in pancreatic [beta]-cells stimulates insulin secretion .
Kuwahara, "Density distribution of free fatty acid receptor 2 (FFA2)-expressing and GLP-1-producing enteroendocrine
L cells in human and rat lower intestine, and increased cell numbers after ingestion of fructo-oligosaccharide," Journal of Molecular Histology, vol.
system of the digestive system is the largest endocrine system in terms of the number of cells.
Four types of cells constitute the intestinal epithelium: enterocytes, goblet cells, Paneth cells, and enteroendocrine
The issue here is that the intestinal tract and inflammatory bowel and Crohn's disease is found to have excessive amounts of serotonin in the enteroendocrine