enteroendocrine cells

(redirected from enteroendocrine)

en·ter·o·en·do·crine cells

cells, scattered throughout the digestive tract and lung that are of several varieties and are believed to produce at least 20 different gastrointestinal hormones and neurotransmitters; they contain granules that may be either argentaffinic or argyrophilic.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

en·ter·o·en·do·crine cells

(en'tĕr-ō-en'dō-krin selz)
A family of cells with argyrophilic granules occurring throughout the digestive tract and believed to produce at least 20 gastrointestinal hormones and neurotransmitters.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Nicholas, Russian histologist, 1856-1925.
Kulchitsky carcinoma - a small cell carcinoma of the esophagus composed of Kulchitsky cells with neurosecretory granules.
Kulchitsky cells - cells scattered throughout the digestive tract believed to produce at least 20 different gastrointestinal hormones and neurotransmitters. Synonym(s): enteroendocrine cells
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Bitter stimuli induce [Ca.sup.2] signaling and CCK release in enteroendocrine STC-1 cells: role of L-type voltage-sensitive [Ca.sup.2] channels.
Treatment significantly suppressed expression of PPAR- y, Accl, and Fas, suggesting inhibition of triglyceride storage in adipocytes Glucoregulatory [196] action of RSV in HFD-fed diabetic wild-type mice, in part through modulation of the enteroendocrine axis in vivo Administration of [188] resveratrol and quercetin together prevented body weight gain and reduced serum insulin levels.
Ultimately, targets for such precision tools will include immunological processes and inflammation, in addition to enteroendocrine cells, gut sensory functions, and the whole array of gut-brain axis communication.
Evidence indicates that the pathophysiology of IBS is related to a variety of cells in the intestine including epithelial cells, enteroendocrine cells, neuronal cells, and immune cells.
The TA cells will then proliferate and migrate upwards towards the crypt-villus junction, where they terminally differentiate into all different cell types, including enterocytes, goblet cells, enteroendocrine cells, and tuft cells, before reaching the villus tip and being exfoliated into the lumen, with the exception of Paneth cells that will migrate downwards back to the stem cell zone.
Scientists have already discovered that sweet receptor is involved in insulin secretion: (a) indirect mechanism-activation of sweet receptor transduction pathway in enteroendocrine L cells led to the release of glucagon-like peptide1 (GLP-1), which in turn enhanced insulin release from the pancreas [212]; (b) direct mechanism-sweet taste receptor expressed in pancreatic [beta]-cells stimulates insulin secretion [36].
Kuwahara, "Density distribution of free fatty acid receptor 2 (FFA2)-expressing and GLP-1-producing enteroendocrine L cells in human and rat lower intestine, and increased cell numbers after ingestion of fructo-oligosaccharide," Journal of Molecular Histology, vol.
The enteroendocrine system of the digestive system is the largest endocrine system in terms of the number of cells.
Four types of cells constitute the intestinal epithelium: enterocytes, goblet cells, Paneth cells, and enteroendocrine cells.
The issue here is that the intestinal tract and inflammatory bowel and Crohn's disease is found to have excessive amounts of serotonin in the enteroendocrine cells.