One alternative could determine the villous fraction of Marsh III mucosae either with monoclonal antibodies against enterocyte
alkaline phosphatase or esterase or by identifying the lowest cells in the villous epithelium expressing their corresponding gene-activated mRNAs.
Intestinal virulence factors are indicated in red for the locus of enterocyte
effacement genes, blue for prophage-encoded Shiga toxin genes, and green for VFs carried by pR444_C, a pO157-like plasmid.
Secondly, it has been observed that probiotics have the capacity of binding to cellular receptors on the surface of mature enterocytes
, thereby interfering with pathogen penetration processes into these cells.
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains negative for locus of enterocyte
Biliary bile acids form mixed micelles together with fatty acids, which function as a transport vehicle to deliver fatty acids to the apical membrane of enterocytes
for absorption .
Relevant to EHS, we propose that a state of chronic metabolic endotoxemia [17,40,136,137], involving increased intestinal permeability, can be potentiated or multiplied by hyperthermia, high intensity/prolonged exercise, reduced blood flow to splanchnic organs, enterocyte
hypoxia, and acidity, as described above.
Two iron transport proteins, divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) and ferroportin 1 (FPN), are expressed in duodenal enterocytes
Small intestinal development in the young chick: crypt formation and enterocyte
proliferation and migration.
ALP and SI are considered to be two differentiation markers for mature enterocytes
The Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1 (NPC1L1) transporter in the enterocyte
is the target of EZE action.
SEM examinations unravelled peculiar ultrastructure of enterocytes
lacking characteristic large-size vacuoles in the central part of the enterocyte
in IUGRs as compared to NBW piglets.
Sacquet, "Effects of microflora on the dimensions of enterocyte
microvilli in the rat," Reproduction, Nutrition, Development, vol.