Nowadays, ethanol injection is a treatment of choice only in cases in which RFA cannot be feasible because of either enterobiliary
reflux, adhesion of the tumor with the gastrointestinal tract, or other reasons .
Associated ramifications can range from post-operative wound infection, abscess, enterobiliary
fistulae formation, bile leak to bile peritonitis, pleural effusion and hepatorenal failure.
fistulae: A potential cause of a false-negative hepatobiliary study in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis.