enrichment culture

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Related to enrichment culture: Lithotroph


1. the propagation of microorganisms or of living tissue cells in special media conducive to their growth.
2. to induce such propagation.
3. the product of such propagation.
4. the shared values, beliefs, and practices of a particular group of people, which are transmitted from one generation to the next and are identified as patterns that guide the thinking and action of the group members. adj., adj cul´tural.
cell culture the maintenance or growth of animal cells in vitro, or a culture of such cells.
blood culture microbiologic examination of a blood sample to check for presence of microorganisms.
continuous flow culture the cultivation of bacteria in a continuous flow of fresh medium to maintain bacterial growth in logarithmic phase.
enrichment culture one grown on a medium, usually liquid, that has been supplemented to encourage the growth of a given type of organism.
hanging-drop culture a culture in which the material to be cultivated is inoculated into a drop of fluid attached to a coverglass inverted over a hollow slide.
primary culture a cell or tissue culture made by direct transfer from a natural source to an artificial medium.
selective culture one grown on a medium, usually solid, that has been supplemented to encourage the growth of a single species of microorganism. It may also include substances that inhibit the growth of other species.
shake culture a culture made by inoculating warm liquid agar culture medium in a tube and shaking to distribute contents evenly. Incubation of the resolidified culture allows the development of separated colonies; especially adaptable to obligate anaerobes.
slant culture one made on the surface of solidified medium in a tube which has been tilted to provide a greater surface area for growth.
culture-specific syndrome folk illnesses that are unique to a particular culture or geographical area. Each illness has a cluster of symptoms, signs, and behavioral changes that are recognized by members of the culture; usually, they also have a range of symbolic meanings and culturally agreed-upon treatments. Anorexia nervosa and Type A behavior pattern are examples of syndromes specific to industrialized cultures.
stab culture a culture into which the organisms are introduced by thrusting a needle deep into the medium.
streak culture a culture in which the surface of a solid medium is inoculated by drawing across it, in a zig-zag fashion, a wire inoculating loop carrying the inoculum.
suspension culture a culture in which cells multiply while suspended in a suitable medium.
tissue culture the maintaining or growing of tissue, organ primordia, or the whole or part of an organ in vitro so as to preserve its architecture and function.
type culture a culture of a species of microorganism usually maintained in a central collection of type cultures.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

e·lec·tive cul·ture

a method of isolating microorganisms capable of using a specific substrate by incubating an inoculum in a medium containing the substrate; the medium usually contains substances or has characteristics that inhibit the growth of unwanted microorganisms.
Synonym(s): enrichment culture
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

enrichment culture

a technique for isolating an organism from a mixed culture by manipulating the growth conditions in its favour and to the detriment of other organisms.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The present study, the fenitrothion degrading fungi were isolated by enrichment culture technique, enrichment cultures from the soil which utilize organophosphate as the major source for their growth.
After over 5 months of enrichment, enrichment cultures from cattle manure, pig manure compost, soil from the corn field and rotten wood were selected because of their relative higher cellulose-degrading potentials.
(21.) Zhou, G.C., Wang, Y., Ma, Y., Zhai, S., Zhou, L.Y., Dai, Y.J., Yuan, S., The metabolism of neonicotinoid insecticide thiamethoxam by soil enrichment cultures, and the bacterial diversity and plant growth promoting properties of the cultured isolates.
Anaerobic naphthalene degradation by a sulfate-reducing enrichment culture. Appl Environ Microbiol 66(7):2743-2747.
A diagnosis of infant botulism was established 29 days after onset of symptoms by detection of toxin type B in stool enrichment cultures. The patient was treated with Botulism Immune Globulin Intravenous (human) (BIG-IV) and discharged after 20 days; the infant recovered fully.
The transcription of rdhA identical to YN3rdhA12 has been studied in strain CG5 [24] and a PCE-dechlorinating enrichment culture TUT2264 [54] (Table S6, supplementary material).
The beads have a magnetite core and a ceramic zirconium oxide coating and are designed for the immunomagnetic separation of target bacteria from enrichment cultures.
A number of species of bacteria were isolated and were characterized from enrichment cultures containing the fungicide thiram.
However, Glastridium botulinum type A was detected in enrichment cultures of the stool samples of both patients.
PCR of DNA isolated from methanotrophic enrichment cultures were performed with primers specific to 16S rRNA genes of type I and type II MTs.