Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
1. introduction of fluid into the rectum.
2. a solution introduced into the rectum to promote evacuation of feces or as a means of administering nutrient substances, medicinal substances, or opaque material for radiologic examination of the lower intestinal tract; see also barium test. Unless otherwise prescribed, the solution is warmed to 40.5°C (105°F), the patient is placed in Sims' position or knee-chest position, and the rectal tube is inserted. The container of fluid is usually held about 45 cm (18 in) above the buttocks for a cleansing enema. Various types of enema are shown in the accompanying table.
Fleet enema trademark for an enema containing, in each 100 ml, 16 g sodium biphosphate and 6 g sodium phosphate, packaged in a plastic squeeze bottle fitted with a 5-cm prelubricated rectal tube.
A rectal injection for clearing out the bowel, or for administering drugs or food.
1. The injection of liquid into the rectum through the anus for cleansing, for stimulating evacuation of the bowels, or for other therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
2. The fluid so injected.
enemaA fluid infused per rectum, generally to cleanse the colon. See Barium enema, Colonic irrigation, Herbal enema.
A rectal injection to clear out the bowel or to administer drugs or food.
enemaThe introduction of various fluids, solutions or suspensions into the rectum to treat CONSTIPATION, to assist in X-ray or endoscopic examination, or to administer drugs or nutrients.
Insertion of a tube into the rectum to infuse fluid into the bowel and encourage a bowel movement. Ordinary enemas contain tap water, mixtures of soap and water, glycerine and water, or other materials.
A rectal injection for clearing the bowel or administering drugs or food.