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1. introduction of fluid into the rectum.
2. a solution introduced into the rectum to promote evacuation of feces or as a means of administering nutrient substances, medicinal substances, or opaque material for radiologic examination of the lower intestinal tract; see also barium test. Unless otherwise prescribed, the solution is warmed to 40.5°C (105°F), the patient is placed in Sims' position or knee-chest position, and the rectal tube is inserted. The container of fluid is usually held about 45 cm (18 in) above the buttocks for a cleansing enema. Various types of enema are shown in the accompanying table.
Fleet enema trademark for an enema containing, in each 100 ml, 16 g sodium biphosphate and 6 g sodium phosphate, packaged in a plastic squeeze bottle fitted with a 5-cm prelubricated rectal tube.
hydrocortisone enema an aqueous solution of hydrocortisone administered rectally as an antiinflammatory in treatment of ulcerative colitis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
A rectal injection for clearing out the bowel, or for administering drugs or food.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
1. The injection of liquid into the rectum through the anus for cleansing, for stimulating evacuation of the bowels, or for other therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
2. The fluid so injected.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
enemaA fluid infused per rectum, generally to cleanse the colon. See Barium enema, Colonic irrigation, Herbal enema.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
A rectal injection to clear out the bowel or to administer drugs or food.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
enemaThe introduction of various fluids, solutions or suspensions into the rectum to treat CONSTIPATION, to assist in X-ray or endoscopic examination, or to administer drugs or nutrients.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Insertion of a tube into the rectum to infuse fluid into the bowel and encourage a bowel movement. Ordinary enemas contain tap water, mixtures of soap and water, glycerine and water, or other materials.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
A rectal injection for clearing the bowel or administering drugs or food.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012