endothelial cell


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Related to endothelial cell: epithelial cell

en·do·the·li·al cell

one of the simple squamous cells forming the lining of blood and lymph vessels and the inner layer of the endocardium.
Synonym(s): endotheliocyte

endothelial cell

Etymology: Gk, endon, within, thele, nipple; L, cella, storeroom
a lining cell of a body cavity or of the cardiovascular system. It is usually seen as a flat, nucleated cell.
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Endothelial cells

en·do·the·li·al cell

(en'dō-thē'lē-ăl sel)
One of the simple squamous cells forming the lining of blood and lymph vessels and the inner layer of the endocardium.

endothelial cell

The type of epithelial cell that lines blood vessels and lymph vessels; these cells are usually squamous (flattened) and form sheets one layer thick. Endothelial cells are derived from mesenchyme cells of the embryo. A sheet of endothelial cells is called an endothelium.
See: endothelium
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
It is elevated in certain chronic diseases, including atherosclerosis, and it is believed that this protein, synthesized in the liver, causes and prolongs the inflammatory component of atherosclerosis by activation of a number of molecules present in/on endothelial cells which participate in the process of atherogenesis [13].
The age of the patients or preoperative endothelial cell counts had no effect on the degree or presence of endothelial changes.
The morphometry of corneal endothelial cells and central corneal thickness value in diabetics were not appreciably different from those found in normal persons.
Table-3: Comparison of mean corneal endothelial cell count in both the groups.
Endothelium in vitro: a review of human vascular endothelial cell lines for blood vessel-related research.
Grotendorst, "TGF-[beta] inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation: alteration of EGF binding and EGF-induced growth-regulatory (competence) gene expression," Cell, vol.
Leptin, tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] (TNF-[alpha]), and bFGF from adipocyte-derived MPs are involved in endothelial cell migration and tube formation (58).
Keywords: Rapamycin, Tacrolimus, Mature endothelial cells, Endothelial progenitor cells.
5,6) Systemic inflammation, autoantibodies directed to double-stranded DNA, ribonucleoproteins, endothelial cells, phospholipids, activated complement products, lupus nephropathy, and dyslipidemia represent some factors related to SLE that contribute to the appearance of endothelial dysfunction.
Tumor necrosis factor combines with IL-4 or IFN-y to selectively enhance endothelial cell adhesiveness for T-cell , J Immunol.
In other species, endothelial morphologic features and cell densities are dependent on age, with a decrease in endothelial cell density and corresponding increases in cell size and variation in shape with age (GWIN et al.
The formation of this endothelial cell monolayer is sensitive to many factors such as biomaterial surface chemistry and geometry [5] or the endothelial cells' own biochemical and biomechanical characteristics [6].

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