of the internal maxillary artery for treatment of intractable posterior epistaxis.
A randomized, controlled trial of medical therapy versus endoscopic ligation
for the prevention of variceal rebleeding in patients with cirrhosis.
Does sclerotherapy of remnant little oesophageal varices after endoscopic ligation
have impact on the reduction of recurrent varices?
Timed interventions confer a higher survival rate of the pump twin compared to conservative approach  and include endoscopic ligation
of the abnormal vasculature, laser coagulation/cauterization of the umbilical cord, or radiofrequency ablation .
Ma et al., "Randomized controlled trial comparing endoscopic ligation
with or without sclerotherapy for secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding," European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, vol.
Umebara et al., "EUS changes predictive for recurrence of esophageal varices in patients treated by combined endoscopic ligation
and sclerotherapy," Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol.
Comparison and characterization of ulcerations induced by endoscopic ligation
of esophageal varices versus endoscopic sclerotherapy.
Some minimal invasive procedures, such as endoscopic ligation
or sclerotherapy, [sup] or splenic artery embolization can be selected when drug therapy failed.
A study17 compared sclerotherapy and band ligation and reached the conclusion that: (i) Endoscopic sclerotherapy and EVL were equally effective in controlling acute bleed; (ii) endoscopic ligation
achieved variceal obliteration faster and in fewer treatment sessions; (iii) endoscopic variceal ligation had a significantly lower rate of development of portal gastropathy and re-bleeding, (iv) while both techniques influenced gastric varices equally, there was significantly higher oesophageal variceal recurrence after EVL than sclerotherapy.
compared with sclerotherapy for bleeding varices in children with extra-hepatic portal venous obstruction.
Multiple surgical procedures have been tried in the past, including endoscopic ligation
of the sphenopalatine artery (ELSPA), which is considered an effective surgical modality in the management of epistaxis.