Patients with acid regurgitation or heartburn as sole complaint were excluded along with the patients presenting with history of gastrointestinal organic disease or surgeries, those who had already been investigated using endoscopic study, patients who received H.
Gastric metaplasia of distal esophagus (of more than 1 cm length above gastroesophageal junction) as diagnosed on endoscopic appearance was defined as Barret's esophagus, with metaplastic epithelium involving 3 cm termed long segment Barret's esophagus.
It is ironic that in an era where endoscopic
procedures were championed for their ability to provide direct visualization of anatomical structures in other subspecialties, the precursor to modern day endoscopic
spine techniques was heralded by a "blind" nucleotomy or discectomy.
surgery has been applied to a number of otologic operations, including tympanoplasty, ossiculoplasty, stapedotomy, cholesteatoma surgery, and cochlear implantation.
The company added the OverStitch Sx endoscopic
suturing systems enable advanced endoscopic
surgery by allowing physicians to place full-thickness sutures from a single-channel flexible endoscope.
The movement of medial wall of sac in the endoscopic
view will confirm the lacrimal sac.
PBD has shown similar effectiveness; however, several patients need repeated PBDs to achieve response rates of 70%-80% (6).
Conclusion: The endoscopic
transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenoma is the safest procedure with marked improvement in complications and reduction in patient's hospital stay.
perforations are commonly repaired by laparoscopy or laparotomy.
The best technique for endoscopic
intervention in DL is still not clear .
In another retrospective analysis Higgins et al., reported 48 patients who underwent surgical resection of sellar and suprasellar masses.9 Nineteen of these were operated via trans-nasal endoscopic
approach while twenty-nine underwent trans-septal microscopic resection.
Out of the total number of cases we selected the patients with endoscopic
diagnosis of Dieulafoy lesion.