endodermal


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endodermal

[-dur′məl]
Etymology: Gk, endon, within, derma, skin
pertaining to the inner of the three layers of the embryo and the epithelial lining of the respiratory system, the digestive tract, and other tissues. Also spelled entodermal. See also endoderm.

endoderm

(en'do-derm) [? + derma, skin]
The innermost of the three primary germ layers of a developing embryo. It gives rise to the epithelium of the digestive tract and its associated glands, the respiratory organs, bladder, vagina, and urethra.
Synonym: hypoblastendodermal (-derm'al), adjective

endodermal

pertaining to or emanating from endoderm.

endodermal sinus tumor
see yolk sac tumor.
References in periodicals archive ?
2014) A receptor-like kinase mutant with absent endodermal diffusion barrier displays selective nutrient homeostasis defects.
All the cell types in the pancreas (endocrine, exocrine, and ductal cells) originate from the same stem cells of the dorsal and ventral endodermal buds (48).
Treatment is similar to that of endodermal sinus tumors.
Mixed germ cell tumor with components of Endodermal Sinus Tumor and embryonal carcinoma were reported by histological examination (Figures 1 and 2).
To the best of our knowledge, no study has been conducted on the comparison of different differentiation media and feeder layers in endodermal differentiation of hiPSCs.
Recent study showed endodermal specific genes, such as GATA, enhance the claudin expression during cell differentiation.
These analyzed specimens of Gonionemus have: around a 10 mm width, four radial channels, a manubrium shorter than the umbrella cavity, a mouth with four lips slightly crenulated, four folded gonads along radial channels leaving the distal part free, between 40 and 44 hollow tentacles, each tentacle has ring-like nematocyst clusters and adhesive pads near the distal end, and one or two statocysts between successive tentacles enclosed in mesoglea near ring canal with a single endodermal club.
The usual mesodermal elements include fibro-adipose and fibro-muscular tissues and the endodermal component is in the form of glandular structures.
It is listed among the germ cell tumors, together with germinoma, embryonic carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, endodermal sinus tumor, choriocarcinoma and mixed germ cells tumors [8].
The expression of the rat Pdx1 gene is regulated by the cooperative action of the endodermal transcription factors HNF-3 (hepatocyte nuclear factor 3) and BETA2 (transcription factor BETA 2 or Neuro D1) (Glick et al.
Least common lesions include Dysgerminoma (1/140), Endodermal sinus tumour (1/140), Clear cell adenocarcinoma (2/140), and Thecoma-fibroma (2/140).