endocarp

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endocarp

the inner layer of the PERICARP of a fruit, forming the lining to the seed chamber.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acc = Accepted Fossil taxon Organ Age Hydrangeaceae Tylerianthus crossmanensis Flower Turonian Gandolfo, Nixon et Crepet 1998 Comaceae Cornus clarnensis Endocarp Middle Eocene Manchester 1994 Mastixioxylon symplocoides Wood Middle-Late Meijer 2000 Santonian Cornaceae/Nyssaceae Nyssoxylon sp.
The predominance of endocarps at the studied archaeological sites is probably the result of both cultural and environmental conditions.
All three types of Nyssa endocarp sculpture (ridged with sunken bundles, ridged with raised bundles, and smooth) are known already in the Eocene of Europe and North America, indicating that considerable diversification had already occurred in the genus by the mid-Eocene.
Despite the agouti behaving as a seed predator (it breaks the endocarp and consumes the endosperm, which prevents the embryo from germinating), seeds that are buried and not consumed by the animal can germinate and enable population renewal (Forget, 1996; Jansen, Bongers, & Hemerik, 2004).
Acai endocarps were dried in a buffer (Biopar S36 BD) at 65 [+ or -] 2[degrees]C for 48 hours, ground in a Wiley knife mill (Marconi MA 048) and sieved in a 20-48 mesh Bertel sieve for the standardization of the particles.
Endocarps of Irvingia gabonensis were collected from farmers in Omu Aran, Kwara State of Nigeria; it was thoroughly washed to remove dirts and dried in an oven operated at 105 oC overnight.
We recorded the presence of seed endocarps and coats of Prosopis, and pieces of mammal feces (e.
2011) that presents difficulties for the propagation by seeds (LORENZI, 2002) due to the presence of extremely lignified endocarps (SOUTO & OLIVEIRA, 2005).