Complex CHD may be present in up to 18% of patients which include mitral valve prolapse, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, endocardial cushion defect, coarctation of aorta, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary hypertension, Tetrology of Fallot, (5) double outlet right ventricle, (6) truncus arteriosus, and total anomalous pulmonary venous return.
More complex cardiac lesions such as Tetrology of Fallot, endocardial cushion defects, double outlet right ventricle, and total anomalous pulmonary venous return are observed uncommonly.
5 except when it was the only defect coded in a preterm infant or an infant <28 days old), endocardial cushion defect
In an exploratory analysis, we considered seven clinical diagnostic groupings of CHDs: a) conotruncal defects (tetralogy of Fallot and transposition of great vessels); b) endocardial cushion and mitrovalve defects (EMD; endocardial cushion defect
and hypoplastic left heart syndrome); c) pulmonary artery and valve defects (PAV; pulmonary valve atresia and stenosis and pulmonary artery anomalies); d) tricuspid valve defects (TVD; tricuspid valve atresia and stenosis and Ebstein's anomaly); e) aortic artery and valve defects (aortic valve stenosis and coarctation of aorta); f) ventricular septal defects (VSD); and g) patent ductus arteriosis in births > 2,500 g (Gilboa et al.
An echocardiogram showed an endocardial cushion defect
, single atrium, right-sided aorta, pulmonary hypertension, tricuspid regurgitation and situs inversus with levocardia.
Jonathan was a 5-month-old twin with Down Syndrome and complete atrio-ventricular canal (also known as endocardial cushion defect
or atrio-ventricular septal defect) who came to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) after surgical repair of his heart defect.
Other associations include MURCS (aplasia of the mullerian duct, unilateral renal agenesis, anomalies of the cervicothoracic somites) and CHARGE (coloboma [a defect of ocular tissue], hearing deficit, choanal atresia, retarded growth and/or development, genital hypoplasia [males only], and endocardial cushion defect
[a spectrum of septal defects resulting from imperfect fusion of the endocardial cushions and ranging from persistent ostium primum to persistent complete common atrioventricular canal]).
Common Congenital Heart Disease Terminology AS Aortic Stenosis ASD Atrial Septal Defect AVC Atrioventricular Canal Defect (same as ECD) CHD Congenital Heart Disease CHF Congestive Heart Failure DORV Double Outlet Right Ventricle ECD Endocardial Cushion Defect
(same as AVC) HLHS Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome PA Pulmonary Atresia PDA Patent Ductus Arteriosus PGE Prostaglandin E PS Pulmonary Stenosis TGA Transposition of the Great Arteries (or great vessels) TOF Tetralogy of Fallot VSD Ventricular Septal Defect
5 ppm 1,100 ppm L-Transposition (left chest) 1 0 Great vessel defect 1 0 Pulmonary valve defect 1 0 Atrial septal defect 4 7 Ventricular septal defects Subaortic 2 1 Muscular 1 4 Endocardial cushion defect
0 1 Aortic valve defect 0 2 No.