endemic goiter


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goiter

 [goi´ter]
enlargement of the thyroid gland, causing a swelling in the front part of the neck; called also struma. adj., adj goit´rous. If there is evidence of pressure against the throat, or the possibility of a malignancy, the goiter may be removed surgically. Simple endemic goiter is usually caused by lack of iodine in the diet. In graves' disease, goiter is accompanied by excessive thyroid hormones in the blood and symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
aberrant goiter goiter of a supernumerary thyroid gland.
adenomatous goiter that caused by adenoma or multiple colloid nodules of the thyroid gland.
Basedow goiter a colloid goiter that has become hyperfunctioning after administration of iodine.
colloid goiter one that is large and soft and has distended spaces filled with colloid.
cystic goiter one with cysts formed by mucoid or colloid degeneration.
diffuse toxic goiter exophthalmic goiter.
endemic goiter goiter occurring widely in a geographic region where the food or water is deficient in iodine. Treatment consists of iodine replacement; although this will not cure the condition, it can stop it from enlarging, and iodine administered in advance will prevent development of goiter.
exophthalmic goiter any type accompanied by exophthalmos.
fibrous goiter goiter in which the thyroid capsule and stroma are hyperplastic.
follicular goiter parenchymatous goiter.
intrathoracic goiter one with part of the enlarged gland in the thoracic cavity.
iodide goiter that occurring in reaction to iodides at high concentrations, due to inhibition of iodide organification.
multinodular goiter one with circumscribed nodules within the gland.
nontoxic goiter that occurring sporadically and not associated with hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
parenchymatous goiter one with increase in follicles and proliferation of epithelium.
perivascular goiter one that surrounds a large blood vessel.
retrovascular goiter one with processes behind a large blood vessel.
substernal goiter one whose lower part lies beneath the sternum.
suffocative goiter one that causes dyspnea due to pressure.
toxic multinodular goiter hyperthyroidism arising in a multinodular goiter, usually of long standing.
vascular goiter one due chiefly to dilatation of the blood vessels of the thyroid gland.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

en·dem·ic goi·ter

goiter, usually of simple type, prevalent in certain regions where dietary intake of iodine is suboptimal.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

endemic goiter

Goiter development in certain geographic localities, esp. where the iodine content in food and water is deficient. Goiters are more prevalent in fresh water and lake areas and less so on the seacoast, owing to the lack of iodine in fresh water. The treatment consists of iodine taken orally or in iodized salt.
See also: goiter
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
[5.] Berhanu N, Wolde-MichaelK and M Bezabih Endemic goiter in School Children in Southwestern Ethiopia.
Table 2: Pregnancy outcome in 48 women with endemic goiter.
Eventually, iodized salt became accepted as a therapeutic product by the FDA and, because of this, endemic goiter has become a nearly conquered disease in America.
Endemic goiter is caused by iodine deficiency as well as other multiple factors resulting in variations in the prevalence observed between areas, where iodine intake is scarcely below normal.
In the United States, the use of iodized salt has nearly eliminated endemic goiter and cretinism.
(2) It is the second most common thyroid lesion diagnosed by cytology, after endemic goiter. (3) This disorder is more common in women than in men.
There are more than 200 Million endemic goiter cases worldwide and almost 75% of all swellings are simple goiter The surgical management includes conventional thyroidectomy and endoscopic thyroidectomy.
Cyanide is a highly toxic element and has been implicated as a causative agent in certain diseases such as Leber's optical atrophy, tobacco amblyopia, Tropical Ataxic Neuropathy [TAN], endemic goiter and cretinism syndrome [12].
"Endemic goiter and endemic thyroid disorders." World J Surg, 1991; 15:205-215.
During the worldwide campaign to eliminate endemic goiter and associated cretinism, Stanbury et al.