Desflurane causes sympathetic stimulation when end-tidal
concentrations exceed 6 vol.
Intubation time was measured from the point at which the laryngoscope blade was inserted into the mouth, and timing stopped upon the detection of an end-tidal
There was no improvement in the tidal volume or pulse oximetry, and end-tidal
carbon dioxide (EtCO[sub]2) was still absent when the cuff inflated.
According to the company, the MediPines Gas Exchange Monitor provides critical parameters including respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, pulse rate, respiratory quotient and end-tidal
The integrated devices with decision support systems and advanced monitoring capabilities not only monitor complex parameters such as inhalation anesthetics, end-tidal
concentrations of carbon dioxide and oxygen levels and transcutaneous oxygen saturation but also provides data analysis to help clinicians take decisions related to surgical and therapeutic interventions.
Monitoring of end-tidal
carbon dioxide is mandatory in prehospital practice, and equipment should include a bougie.
However, only a single pediatric study (5) has evaluated the effect of intraoperative magnesium on BIS values while operation type and end-tidal
anesthetic concentration were kept constant.
When the spontaneous breathing of the patients started, their respirations were supported as the end-tidal
carbon dioxide (ETC[O.sub.2]) value would be 35-40 mmHg.
Brain ischemia is a primary contributor to postarrest morbidity; thus, oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide elimination (end-tidal
carbon dioxide [ETCO2]) have been established as important factors for measuring CPR performance [12, 13].
Pulse oximetry showed an arterial oxygen saturation of 99% with an end-tidal
C[O.sub.2] within the normal range.
Data collected included date of visit, age, species, sex, type (pet, free ranging, or wild kept in captivity), body weight, body condition score, diagnosis, procedure, American Society of Anesthesiologists status, premedication used for anesthesia, drug for anesthetic induction, type of maintenance anesthesia, route and type of fluid administration, volumes of crystalloid and colloid fluids administered, intraoperative events, estimated blood loss, duration of anesthesia, surgery duration, recovery time, recovery notes, whether birds survived to hospital discharge, time of death, total cost of hospitalization, cost of anesthesia, and nadir and peak values for heart rate, end-tidal
partial pressure of carbon dioxide, concentration of inhaled anesthetic, and body temperature.
Airway gases were sampled from between the endotracheal tube and the breathing system into an infrared gas analyzer (ILCA Sensor Module; Drager) to monitor the end-tidal
carbon dioxide (ETC[O.sub.2]) and isoflurane (ETiso) concentrations.