end-stage renal disease


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Related to end-stage renal disease: kidney disease

end-stage renal disease

 
chronic renal failure that is irreversible; at this stage serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels continue to rise and there is uremia with impairment of all body systems.

re·nal fail·ure

loss of renal function, either acute or chronic, that results in azotemia and syndrome of uremia.

end-stage renal disease

End-organ disease, end-stage renal failure The decompensated stage of chronic renal failure, defined as renal insufficiency of a degree that requires dialysis or kidney transplantation for survival  Epidemiology 30% of ESRD is linked to DM and HTN, the most common causes of ESRD; ESRD is seen in kidneys subjected to chronic dialysis Costs ESRD programs for 200,000 Pts–0.08% of US population, cost $6 x 109–0.8% of US health care budget Complications Infection, possibly due to impaired macrophage Fc-receptor function  Management Kidney transplantation, see there Prognosis 1-yr survival of graft, ±94%; half-life from living donor grafts, ±22 yrs, from cadaveric grafts, ±14 yrs.

End-stage renal disease (ESRD)

Total kidney failure; chronic kidney failure is diagnosed as ESRD when kidney function falls to 5-10% of capacity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Quality of life in end-stage renal disease: a reexamination.
Additional information regarding the new CMS Conditions for Coverage for End-Stage Renal Disease Facilities is available at http://www.cms.hhs.gov/ cfcsandcops/13_esrd.asp.
End-stage renal disease in India and Pakistan: incidence, causes, and management.
Angiographic progression of coronary artery disease in patients with end-stage renal disease. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2001; 16:1198-202.
This testimony discusses highlights from GAO's report entitled "End-Stage Renal Disease: Bundling Medicare's Payment for Drugs with Payment for All ESRD Services Would Promote Efficiency and Clinical Flexibility." The report examines Medicare payments for certain drugs provided to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), a condition of permanent kidney failure.
Stavroulaki et al studied the effect of hemodialysis on hearing acuity in 9 children with end-stage renal disease. (15) They found SNHL of unknown etiology in 5 of these patients (56%) on pure-tone audiometry and DPOAE measurements.
The incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has also been steadily increasing in the adult US population.
Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, end-stage renal disease and non-traumatic loss of limb, and can also lead to heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure and other serious conditions.
Selan+ products are indicated for the prevention and treatment of diaper rash and other rashes caused by moisture, Stage I pressure ulcers, and amputee tissue trauma, as well as the itch associated with end-stage renal disease. Selan+ Herbal is petrolatum-free and will not clog diaper pores or interfere with diaper absorption.
THE NETHERLANDS--Researchers at the University of Amsterdam recently published a study that examined cognitive impairment in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
Two other factors likely to contribute to the high rates of TB are renal failure (1-3) and the high prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients from the Indian subcontinent, a group in whom we have noted a high incidence of end-stage renal disease (6).
In 1995, 27,900 people began treatment for end-stage renal disease (kidney failure) because of diabetes.