In addition, patients should be advised of the long-term risks of recurrent infections and encrustations
. Should encrustations
occur, these could be successfully managed with flexible ureteroscopy and Holmium laser lithotripsy as long as there are no kinks in the device.
Many patients who experience recurrent CAUTIs and in particular recurrent catheter encrustation
and blockage have been found to be carriers of P.
They have been found attached to the cephalon of Flexicalymene from the Late Ordovician of North America, whereas the trilobite may have been alive during the encrustation
Based on the calculated area on CT, the encrustation
was graded as light (less than 100 [mm.sup.2]), moderate (100 to 400 [mm.sup.2]), or severe (greater than 400 [mm.sup.2]).
Higher indexes of seeds germinated in encrustation
may be associated with dormancy breaking promoted by composition of coating material during the process of encrustation
and bioerosion on Middle Miocene bivalve shells and echinoid skeletons: Paleoenvironmental implications.
The additionally calculated Spearman rank correlations revealed that the dry weight and the percentage of calcium carbonate encrustation
in both species are significantly (P < 0.05) correlated with some morphological features.
Memon NA et al12 and Arshad M et al17 observed DJ stent encrustation
in 17.5%, 2.0% and stent migration in 11.7% and 16.3% respectively.
Nawaz H et al2 reported stent encrustation
and stent migration in 10.5% and 3.5% cases respectively.
Catheter Leakage Associated with Luminal Occlusion Authors Cause(s) for Catheter Interventions Suggested Leakage Getliffe, 2003 Encrustation
of the Catheter change, catheter lumen or eyes.
A blue encrustation
found on skeletal remains of Americans missing in action in Vietnam.
"By developing the first early warning system for urinary catheter blockage we hope we can offer doctors and nursing staff an accurate way of predicating and preventing encrustation
before it is too late."