As noted in Section 2, the enclitic
form of the definite article is even chosen--crucially--when it could apparently be avoided altogether.
Shakespeare's younger colleagues and immediate chronological followers Fletcher and Middleton did not follow him; rather, they chose heavy feminine endings, few run-on lines, and the syncopated rhythm of enclitic
For example, while the accusative enclitic
used in isolation /ru/ can be stressed (4(b)), the accusative enclitic
used in a clitic cluster /u/ cannot (3(c)).
Manzini and Savoia (661) point out that there is no connection between the use of postnominal possessives and enclitic
possessives with kinship terms.
In clauses with a first or second person subject and a third person object, the second position pronominal enclitic
references the SAP A.
There is also an enclitic
PI particle: -a (after vowel also wa) according to Bartens, -a or -o (or -te) according to Winkler (2001 : 63, 66-67).
Non-exhaustively, we could demonstrate this with practically every word: grammatical case and gender appear still to be present, as in the expression of the typically Norse enclitic
definite particle, as with yurn 'the earth' (Modern Norwegian jorden) or olt illt 'every evil', where <t> marks an unexpressed neuter noun.
The desiccated philologist is a genre, beginning with Robert Browning's "A Grammarian's Funeral" (1856)--"Gave us the doctrine of the enclitic
De, / Dead from the waist down"--and reinforced by Anatole France's description of Paul Meyer and the journal Romania in Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard: "[J]e me mis a lire une revue qui, bien que menee par des jeunes gens, est excellente.
46) See Michael Halley, "PAS A SA PLACE" (1980) 4:1 Enclitic
at 97 (citing and discussing Martin Heidegger, "Letter on Humanism") ["PAS"].
Eventually, this pattern was extended to the more marginal enclitic
Final post-tonic syllables (sometimes considered semiforte), especially the last enclitic
attached to verbs.
Compare the following examples of such enclitic