encephalopathy


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encephalopathy

 [en-sef″ah-lop´ah-the]
any degenerative disease of the brain.
AIDS encephalopathy HIV encephalopathy.
anoxic encephalopathy hypoxic encephalopathy.
biliary encephalopathy (bilirubin encephalopathy) kernicterus.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy a prion disease of adult cattle in the British Isles with neurologic symptoms. It is transmitted by feed containing protein in the form of meat and bone meal derived from infected animals. The etiologic agent is also the cause of new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Called also mad cow disease.
boxer's encephalopathy (boxer's traumatic encephalopathy) a syndrome due to cumulative head blows absorbed in the boxing ring, characterized by slowing of mental function, occasional bouts of confusion, and scattered memory loss. It may progress to the more serious boxer's dementia. See also postconcussional syndrome.
dialysis encephalopathy a degenerative disease of the brain associated with longterm use of hemodialysis, marked by speech disorders and constant myoclonic jerks, progressing to global dementia.
hepatic encephalopathy a condition, usually occurring secondary to advanced liver disease, marked by disturbances of consciousness that may progress to deep coma (hepatic coma), psychiatric changes of varying degree, flapping tremor, and fetor hepaticus.
HIV encephalopathy (HIV-related encephalopathy) a progressive primary encephalopathy caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus type I, manifested by a variety of cognitive, motor, and behavioral abnormalities. Called also AIDS encephalopathy.
hypernatremic encephalopathy a severe hemorrhagic encephalopathy induced by the hyperosmolarity accompanying hypernatremia and dehydration.
hypertensive encephalopathy a complex of cerebral phenomena such as headache, convulsions, and coma that occur in the course of malignant hypertension.
hypoxic encephalopathy encephalopathy caused by hypoxia from either decreased rate of blood flow or decreased oxygen content of arterial blood; mild cases cause temporary intellectual, visual, and motor disturbances, and severe cases can cause permanent brain damage within five minutes. Called also anoxic encephalopathy.
lead encephalopathy brain disease caused by lead poisoning.
mitochondrial encephalopathy encephalopathy associated with mitochondrial abnormalities, such as melas syndrome and merrf syndrome.
portal-systemic encephalopathy (portasystemic encephalopathy) hepatic encephalopathy.
progressive subcortical encephalopathy Schilder's disease.
subacute spongiform encephalopathy (transmissible spongiform encephalopathy) prion disease.
traumatic encephalopathy
Wernicke's encephalopathy a neurological disorder characterized by confusion, apathy, drowsiness, ataxia of gait, nystagmus, and ophthalmoplegia; it is due to thiamine deficiency, usually from chronic alcohol abuse. It is almost invariably accompanied by or followed by korsakoff's syndrome and frequently accompanied by other nutritional polyneuropathies. See also wernicke-korsakoff syndrome.

en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy

(en-sef'ă-lop'ă-thē),
Any disorder of the brain.
[encephalo- + G. pathos, suffering]

encephalopathy

(ĕn-sĕf′ə-lŏp′ə-thē)
n. pl. encephalopa·thies
Any of various diseases of the brain.

en·ceph′a·lo·path′ic (-lə-păth′ĭk) adj.

encephalopathy

Neurology A metabolic, toxic, neoplastic, or degenerative disease of the brain. See Alcoholic encephalopathy, Bismuth encephalopathy, Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Boxers' encephalopathy, Hepatic encephalopathy.

en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy

(en-sefă-lopă-thē)
1. Any disorder of the brain.
2. A disorder of the brain parenchyma, as distinct from a disorder of the meninges.
Synonym(s): cephalopathy, cerebropathy, encephalosis.
[encephalo- + G. pathos, suffering, disease]

encephalopathy

Any degenerative or other non-inflammatory disorder affecting the brain in a widespread manner.

Encephalopathy

A dysfunction of the brain. Hepatic encephalopathy is brain dysfunction that occurs because the liver isn't removing harmful substances from the blood.

en·ceph·a·lop·a·thy

, encephalopathia (en-sefă-lopă-thē, -lō-pathē-ă)
Any disorder of the brain.
References in periodicals archive ?
A number of factors such as rising facilities for patients affected by encephalopathy, increasing awareness among people, increasing government assistance, and improvement in regulatory framework are propelling the growth of the global spongiform encephalopathy market.
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in children: report of 10 cases.European Society of Radiology 2011;C-1360:1-4.
Clinical hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy score of the Iberoamerican Society of Neonatology (Siben): A new proposal for diagnosis and management.
Clinical and Neurologic Manifestation of Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy and Overt Hepatic Encephalopathy.
These 6 trials defined encephalopathy clinically using the modified Sarnat stages [26] or the Sarnat and Sarnat stages.
Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis.
While a normal aEEG record in the first 6 hours of life indicates a high probability of normal outcome, the results should be interpreted with caution as they can still be associated with poor outcome if features of encephalopathy exist.
The patients of decompensated chronic liver disease with hepatic encephalopathy suffer from the insufficiency of zinc.
The development of PRES as a complication of PD or uraemic encephalopathy therefore does not fully explain the pathogenesis in all the cases.
MERS is an acute encephalopathy state with characteristic diagnostic MRI findings.
Considering the fact that confusion is a key sign of encephalopathy, this symptom accounts for around 2% of the patients in emergency departments [2].
Encephalopathy is a disease of the brain due to malfunction or structural changes resulting from metabolic disorders due to organ dysfunction, chemicals, medications, or injuries [17].