encephalomyocarditis


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encephalomyocarditis

 [en-sef″ah-lo-mi″o-kahr-di´tis]
a viral disease characterized by degenerative and inflammatory changes in skeletal and cardiac muscle and by lesions of the central nervous system resembling those of poliomyelitis.

en·ceph·a·lo·my·o·car·di·tis

(en-sef'ă-lō-mī'ō-kar-dī'tis),
Associated encephalitis and myocarditis; often caused by a viral infection such as in poliomyelitis.

encephalomyocarditis

/en·ceph·a·lo·myo·car·di·tis/ (-mi″o-kahr-di´tis) a viral disease marked by degenerative and inflammatory changes in skeletal and cardiac muscle and by central lesions resembling those of poliomyelitis.

encephalomyocarditis

[ensef′əlōmī′ōkärdī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, enkephalos + mys, muscle, kardia, heart, itis, inflammation
an infectious disease of the central nervous system and heart tissue caused by a group of small ribonucleic acid picornaviruses. Rodents are a major reservoir of the infection. Human illness ranges from asymptomatic infection to severe encephalomyelitis. Symptoms are generally similar to those of poliomyelitis. Myocarditis is not a feature of infection in humans, and most victims recover promptly without sequelae. Treatment is supportive. See also picornavirus.

en·ceph·a·lo·my·o·car·di·tis

(en-sef'ă-lō-mī'ō-kahr-dī'tis)
Associated encephalitis and myocarditis; often caused by a viral infection such as in poliomyelitis.

encephalomyocarditis

inflammation of the brain and cardiac muscle; abbreviated EMC.

encephalomyocarditis virus disease of pigs
a sporadic disease of pigs caused by a picornavirus (genus Cardiovirus) which is primarily a pathogen of rodents but which infects other species including humans. Affected pigs are most commonly found dead of heart failure without having displayed clinical signs. Longer surviving pigs show tremor, incoordination and dyspnea. There is a characteristic myocarditis evident at necropsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the absence of histopathologic alterations, the detection of hCV in a child who died of SIDS is remarkable because the related encephalomyocarditis virus constitutes a prototypic model for myocarditis in mammals (11).
A wild-type porcine encephalomyocarditis virus containing a short poly(C) tract is pathogenic to mice, pigs, and cynomolgus macaques.
A wild-type porcine encephalomyocarditis virus containing a short poly (C) tract is pathogenic to mice, pigs, and cynomolgus macaques.
Molecular analysis of encephalomyocarditis viruses isolated from pigs and rodents in Italy.
Human infection with encephalomyocarditis virus in New South Wales.
Observations on the natural history of encephalomyocarditis virus.
An encephalomyocarditis virus epizootic in a baboon colony.
The isolation of encephalomyocarditis virus from Aotus monkeys.
The type species is Encephalomyocarditis virus, which includes strains of murine encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), Mengo virus, and Maus Eberfeld virus.
The degree of identity between theilovirus and EMCV was the same as that between encephalomyocarditis virus and SafV, z50%.
The genus Cardiovirus is divided into 2 species: Theiler viruses and the encephalomyocarditis viruses (EMCVs) (2-5).
Mengovirus and encephalomyocarditis virus poly(C) tract lengths can affect virus growth in murine cell culture.