encephalomalacia


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encephalomalacia

 [en-sef″ah-lo-mah-la´shah]
softening of the brain.

en·ceph·a·lo·ma·la·ci·a

(en-sef'ă-lō-mă-lā'shē-ă),
Abnormal softness of the cerebral parenchyma often due to ischemia or infarction.
Synonym(s): cerebromalacia
[encephalo- + G. malakia, softness]

softening of the brain

Microbiology
General paresis, see there.
 
Neurology
A nonspecific term for a localised softening of brain tissue, which is most commonly due to haemorrhage or infarction, but may also be due to primary or metastatic cancer, parasites, abscesses, and so on.
 
Vox populi
A non-medical term referring to a person who is perceived as having lost some amount of logical functioning, such as in cases of dementia.

encephalomalacia

Neurology Softening of brain tissue, usually due to ischemia or infarction

en·ceph·a·lo·ma·la·ci·a

(en-sef'ă-lō-mă-lā'shē-ă)
Abnormal softness of the cerebral parenchyma often due to ischemia or infarction.
Synonym(s): cerebromalacia.
[encephalo- + G. malakia, softness]

encephalomalacia

Softening of an area of the brain, usually as a result of loss of its blood supply (infarction).
References in periodicals archive ?
Morphologic diagnoses of the cerebellum included multifocal, subacute Purkinje cell degeneration, necrosis, with Bergmann's astrocytosis, granular cell atrophy, and chronic, locally extensive encephalomalacia with mineralization, gliosis, spongiosis, neovascularization, and gitter cell infiltration.
The most commonly demonstrated pathology was encephalomalacia with a percent of 5.90 (n: 13).
It shows periventricular leucomalacia, multicystic encephalomalacia, brain stem and basal ganglia changes that represent varying degrees of hypoxic-ischaemic injury.
Caption: Figure 1: The MRI brain in the child with MUT-related MMA showing predominant frontoparietal abnormalities in form of encephalomalacia and gliosis.
The ischemic lesion in the right basal ganglia showed chronicity and appeared as cystic encephalomalacia; most of the cerebral/cerebellar foci were smaller than before and some disappeared in the control MRI five months after the initial evaluation (Figure 7).
A 49-year-old male with past medical history of type-1 diabetes mellitus, hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, intravenous drug abuse, and traumatic brain injury sustained after fall 2 years prior to presentation (with left hemisphere encephalomalacia) with no history of gastrointestinal bleed (not on aspirin or any anticoagulation treatment at home) presented to the emergency department (ED) with headache, altered mental status, and fever for 2 days' duration.
Magnetic resonance of the orbits confirmed the result of computed tomography (CT) and revealed an area of frontal encephalomalacia probably related to the previous trauma (Figure 3).
Hypoperfusion leads to focal encephalomalacia, focal necrosis of both the gray matter and white matter, and eventually cystic degeneration.
The deficiency of vitamin E may lead to encephalomalacia, muscle dystrophy, exudative diathesis, poor growth and reduced reproductive efficiency [9, 11, 12].
In the third patient, the epileptogenic area might have originated from the left hemisphere, where widespread encephalomalacia was located.
In the follow-up during which neurological examination and brain MRI and MRV were performed with three-month intervals, thrombosis was found to have completely improved at the end of three months in seven patients, partial improvement was found in three patients and encephalomalacia in the left fronto-temporal region in association with partial improvement was found in one patient in whom thrombosis was observed because of trauma.
Encephalomalacia, also named as cerebral softening, is an area of focal brain damage that is most commonly seen in areas with insufficient blood supply.