encephalocele


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encephalocele

 [en-sef´ah-lo-sēl″]
hernial protrusion of brain substance and meninges through a congenital or traumatic opening of the skull.
occipital encephalocele an encephalocele in the occipital region, the most common kind seen in the Western Hemisphere.
A baby with a large occipital encephalocele. From Mueller and Young, 2001.

en·ceph·a·lo·cele

(en-sef'ă-lō-sēl'),
A congenital gap in the cranium with herniation of brain substance.
[encephalo- + G. kēlē, hernia]

en·ceph·a·lo·cele

(en-sef'ă-lō-sēl)
A congenital gap in the cranium with herniation of brain substance.
Synonym(s): craniocele.
[encephalo- + G. kēlē, hernia]

en·ceph·a·lo·cele

(en-sef'ă-lō-sēl)
Congenital cranial gap with herniation of brain substance.
[encephalo- + G. kēlē, hernia]
References in periodicals archive ?
Evidence of syndromic features or a specific underlying cause was found in 17% (34/195) of cases, including 17% (10/59) of anencephaly, 43% (12/28) of encephalocele and 11% (12/108) of SB (p<0.001).
According to the CDC, taking 400 micrograms of the B vitamin, folic acid, every day before and during early pregnancy can help prevent some major birth defects of the baby's brain and spine, such as encephalocele.
Doctors diagnosed encephalocele, a brain malformation which results in large sacs pushing their way through openings in the skull during foetal development.
The dura, pia and arachnoid of the brain tissue and/or leptomeninges that are defined as a bone defect with herniation continuing to the cranial cavity are clearly separated from the surrounding encephalocele (1).
An intranasal mass in a newborn often triggers the consideration of a congenital midline nasal mass such as a nasal encephalocele or a nasal glioma [18].
Curran, "Trans-sphenoidal and sphenoethmoidal encephalocele: Report of two cases and review of the literature," Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, vol.
Thompson, "Heminasal proboscis with associated microphthalmos and encephalocele," Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol.
High-resolution CT (HRCT) is used to reveal the bone anatomy and the temporal bone defect, and MRI may be useful if the suspected cause of leak is an encephalocele or meningoencephalocele, but it has the significant disadvantage of poor bone detail.
ABBOTTABAD -- The Neurosurgery Department of Ayub Teaching Hospital (ATH) Abbottabad on Tuesday performed first brain surgery of four years old kid in Hazara known as Encephalocele in medical terminology.
It included meningomyelocele, encephalocele, and hydro cephalus.
A two-day-old male newborn, weighing 3900 g, born by Caesarean section, Apgar score 6-9, Capurro assessment of 41 weeks and 6 days, presented with multiple craniofacial anomalies (hypertelorism, agenesis of eyelids, facial cleft, cleft lip, and palate), bilateral frontal parietal encephalocele, failed cerebral hemisphere separation and placental adhesions to the dura mater, and pseudosyndactyly on the right hand.