Empowerment contributes to enhancement of implementation of these ideas generated by employees, consequently enhancing innovation in the workplace (Seibert, Wang, & Courtright, 2011).
Hypothesis 3: Empowerment will be positively associated with innovative behavior of employees in an organization.
There is the need to ensure that women empowerment is given paramount attention in policy decisions especially in developing countries.
Empowerment therefore entails access to both productive and non-productive resources with the motive of improving the value of individual's orientation towards making decisions that affect both the individual and other related entities.
Although critical consciousness and positive identity are important steps toward personal empowerment, social action is a defining aspect of the process.
In the larger education and community psychology literature, researchers have identified supportive relationships, culturally and sociopolitically relevant curriculum, and critical conversations as tools for facilitating personal empowerment in youth.
Researchers have dissected empowerment in terms of its complexity and elasticity that is exhibited conceptually.
Structural empowerment and psychological empowerment are two different constructs.
By the mid-1980s the term empowerment also had gained broader international political and economic recognition when at the NGO forum at the United Nations' 1985 second World Conference on Women in Nairobi, Kenya, the nascent DAWN project of "Third World women social scientists" circulated a platform document outlining an alternative development approach.
This above-mentioned book, dedicated to "a process of ongoing empowerment of women," is notable in several respects: (18)
This component of empowerment
is also referred to as 'self-determination'.
La teoria de Kanter (1993) sobre empowerment
estructural incluye una reflexion sobre el concepto y el comportamiento organizacional, basandose en la concepcion de poder.