emergence delirium


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emergence delirium

Unusually intense agitation in a patient awakening from anesthesia.
See also: delirium
References in periodicals archive ?
The combination of ketamine with shorter acting, water soluble, less irritant benzodiazepine-midazolam was evaluated in our study as it eliminates emergence delirium which was demonstrated by Cartwright and Pingle.
Twersky and Philip (2008) and Voepel-Lewis, Malviya and Tait, (2003) agree that pain and emergence delirium present similarly, therefore prevention and treatment are the same and include preemptive analgesics (non-opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs and opioids).
33 It has also been used to control withdrawal symptoms of opioids and benzodiazepines as well as for the prevention of emergence delirium after general anaesthesia.
In the five clinical scenarios, dexmedetomidine provided effective sedation during spontaneous ventilation in two patients, reversed the clinical signs and symptoms of withdrawal from illicit substances in one patient, and was effective in the treatment of postanesthesia emergence delirium and shivering in two additional patients.