emergence delirium


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emergence delirium

Unusually intense agitation in a patient awakening from anesthesia.
See also: delirium
References in periodicals archive ?
Does dexmedetomidine prevent emergence delirium in children after sevoflurane-based general anesthesia?
Emergence delirium and postoperative pain in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy: a comparison of propofol vs sevoflurane anesthesia.
However, there is a paucity of studies evaluating the effect of DEX on preoperative anxiety and emergence delirium (ED) in dental restoration surgery [12,18].
Twersky and Philip (2008) and Voepel-Lewis, Malviya and Tait, (2003) agree that pain and emergence delirium present similarly, therefore prevention and treatment are the same and include preemptive analgesics (non-opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs and opioids).
Dexmedetomidine is currently approved by US FDA only for the sedation of intubated and mechanically ventilated adults in the intensive care unit.30 However, it has been used for paediatrics sedation in cardiac catheterization,21 radiological procedures,31 dental procedures32 and mechanical ventilation for ICU patients.33 It has also been used to control withdrawal symptoms of opioids and benzodiazepines as well as for the prevention of emergence delirium after general anaesthesia.