Du Bois, who first questioned the Great White Emancipator history of slavery's end in the 1930s and attributed emancipation instead to what Du Bois called a "general strike" staged by the slaves.
Slaves used the disruptions of the war to subtract themselves entirely from the Confederacy by fleeing to Union military lines, by becoming the Union Army's logistical corps, and by eventually exerting so much pressure on the Lincoln Administration that the president was forced to issue an emancipation proclamation and throw open army recruitment to blacks.
Despite its title, Berlin's The Long Emancipation is the shorter path; it is simply the expanded text of the Nathan I.
And he cites writers as various as David Walker, Frederick Douglass, Marcus Garvey, and Barack Obama, to suggest that white pathologies "intent on animalization" (which outlived slavery) sowed doubts in the minds of many African Americans about their place in white society, long after emancipation (p.
Likewise, when African Americans like Douglass toured Britain after West Indian emancipation, they "found new self-esteem and acceptance as full humans" in a seemingly less prejudiced society (p.
African American abolitionists and their allies were significantly aided by British emancipation, but American emancipation still required war.
According to Laclau, the classical notion of emancipation implies not only a logical incompatibility but also a real undecidability.
And since emancipation in its classical notion envisions some kind of universal human essence to be liberated and therefore is strictly linked to the destiny of the universal, it has to be also deconstructed.
The last emancipations on record in Duval County were initiated by Isaiah D.
Within thirty days of emancipation all freedmen were required to permanently emigrate from Florida.