bark

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Related to elm bark: red elm

bark

(bark),
1. The envelope or covering of the roots, trunk, and branches of plants. Barks of pharmacologic significance not listed below are alphabetized under specific names.
2. Synonym(s): cinchona

bark

Botany
The outer covering of trees and some plants, which consists of a cuticle (epidermis), outer bark (cortex) and inner bark (fibre).
 
Herbal medicine
(1) China, see there.
(2) Cinchona, see there; Cinchona species.
 
Veterinary medicine
The harsh sound uttered by a dog.

bark

the outer, living part of a woody stem, consisting of three layers:
  1. an inner layer called secondary PHLOEM, containing the elements of primary phloem plus horizontal ray cells which function in transporting materials across the stem.
  2. a middle layer of cork CAMBIUM, a group of meristematic (dividing) cells originating in the PARENCHYMA cells of the outer stem cortex. As the cells divide, the outer ones develop into cork cells and the inner ones give rise to parenchyma-like tissue.
  3. CORK, an outer region of cells forming a waterproof and protective layer broken only by LENTICELS.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mucilaginous properties of slippery elm bark also rendered it useful to certain pitchers during baseball's "deadball era" between 1900 and 1920.
According to the University of Maryland's Center for Integrative Medicine, the Food and Drug Administration has recognized slippery elm bark as safe and effective for pharyngitis and cough.
No pests targeted in the SWPM survey were collected; however, banded elm bark beetles (Scolytus schevyrewi Semenov) were collected in Marion County through this survey.
But suppliers with products containing such ingredients as echinacea, slippery elm bark and goldenseal are finding more room on store shelves in response to cough and cold sufferers who are seeking alternative remedies.
They are susceptible to infection by the fungus, the spores of which are carried by the elm bark beetle.
Pileabs is a herbal tablet containing a herbal laxative with slippery elm bark to soothe and relieve irritation and discomfort.
early detection of non-indigenous pests (traps to capture elm bark beetle (Scolytus multistriatus) in western Canada and to detect the European spruce beetle (Ips typographus) at ports of entry ill Canada and the us).
Licorice lozenges are helpful as an expectorant, and slippery elm bark lozenges help soothe and coat the throat.
* Doctors in England used pieces of elm bark or wood as splints to hold a bone in place.
They had simply not been attacked by the elm bark beetle that spreads the disease."
And, so many dead or dying elms mean new breeding sites for the Lesser European elm bark beetle.