elimination diet

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diet

 [di´et]
1. the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by a person from day to day.
2. more narrowly, a regimen of food intake planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain foods. See also nutrition.
acid-ash diet a special diet prescribed to increase the acidity of the urine so that alkaline salts will remain in solution. The diet may be given to aid in the elimination of fluid in certain kinds of edema, in the treatment of some types of urinary tract infection, and to inhibit the formation of alkaline urinary calculi. Meat, fish, eggs, and cereals are emphasized, with little fruit and vegetables and no milk or cheese.
alkali-ash diet a therapeutic diet prescribed to increase the alkalinity of the urine and dissolve uric acid and cystine urinary calculi. This type of diet changes the urinary pH so that certain salts are kept in solution and excreted in the urine. Emphasis is placed on fruits, vegetables, and milk. Meat, eggs, bread, and cereals are restricted.
bland diet one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
DASH diet (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; low in saturated and total fats; low in cholesterol; and high in fiber. Research studies support the hypothesis that this diet reduces blood pressure and may play a role in prevention of high blood pressure.
elemental diet one consisting of a well-balanced, residue-free mixture of all essential and nonessential amino acids combined with simple sugars, electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins.
elimination diet one for diagnosis of food allergy, based on omission of foods that might cause symptoms in the patient.
Feingold diet a controversial diet for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, which excludes artificial colorings and flavorings, preservatives, and salicylates. The national institutes of health consensus statement, Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, notes that exclusion diets like this are an area warranting additional research.
gluten-free diet see gluten-free diet.
high calorie diet one that furnishes more calories than needed to maintain weight, often more than 3500–4000 calories per day.
high fat diet one that furnishes more than 35 per cent of its total calories from fats; see also ketogenic diet.
high fiber diet one high in dietary fiber (typically more than 24 g daily), which decreases bowel transit time and relieves constipation.
high protein diet one containing large amounts of protein, consisting largely of meats, fish, milk, legumes, and nuts.
ketogenic diet one that produces ketones or acetones, or mild acidosis, such as one that is low in calories with insufficient carbohydrate and protein; it is occasionally used in the treatment of epilepsy. See also low fat diet.
liquid diet see liquid diet.
low calorie diet one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight, e.g., less than 1200 calories per day for an adult.
low fat diet one containing limited amounts of fat.
low fiber diet low residue diet.
low purine diet one for mitigation of gout, omitting meat, fowl, and fish and substituting milk, eggs, cheese, and vegetable protein.
low residue diet one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable, as in colostomy patients. Called also low fiber diet and minimal residue diet.
low tyramine diet a special diet required by patients receiving MAO inhibitors. Foods containing tyramine include aged cheeses, red wine, beer, cream, chocolate, and yeast.
minimal residue diet low residue diet.
protein-sparing diet one consisting only of liquid protein or liquid mixtures of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, containing no more than 600 calories; it is designed to maintain a favorable nitrogen balance. Such diets have been used in weight loss programs, but are used only rarely now, usually only in inpatient settings.
purine-free diet low purine diet.
vegan diet the diet of a vegan; see also veganism.
vegetarian diet see vegetarian diet.

e·lim·i·na·tion di·et

a diet designed to detect what ingredient of the food causes allergic manifestations in the patient; food items to which the patient may be sensitive are withdrawn separately and successively from the diet until the item that causes the symptoms is discovered.

elimination diet

A diet in which a food or small groups of foods are eliminated in turn, in order to detect the cause(s) of a food allergy or intolerance; commonly implicated causes of food allergies include milk, eggs, peanuts and others. Elimination diets are used in individuals—especially children with atopy—who are suspected of being allergic to certain foods, and to determine whether there is reduction of the symptoms attributed to allergy; if the symptoms continue after a food has been eliminated, the symptoms are unlikely to be due to the eliminated food. Elimination diets may also be used for gluten hypersensitivity.

elimination diet

A diet in which a food or small groups of foods are eliminated in turn, in order to detect a food allergy/intolerance, which may be to milk, eggs, peanuts, and others; EDs are used, especially in children with atopy, for those suspected of having allergies to certain foods, and for detecting a ↓ in allergy-related Sx. See Lactose intolerance. Cf Desensitization.

e·lim·i·na·tion di·et

(ĕ-lim'i-nā'shŭn dī'ĕt)
A diet designed to detect which component of the diet causes allergic manifestations in the patient; food items to which the patient may be sensitive are withdrawn separately and successively from the diet until that which causes the symptoms is discovered.

e·lim·i·na·tion di·et

(ĕ-lim'i-nā'shŭn dī'ĕt)
Diet designed to detect which food causes allergic manifestations in the patient; food items to which the patient may be sensitive are withdrawn separately and successively until that item that causes symptoms is discovered.
References in periodicals archive ?
A doctor and dietician will look at a connection between your symptoms and gluten intake, often by doing a gluten elimination diet, guided reintroduction, and a food symptom journal to determine if you suffer from non-celiac gluten sensitivity.
A retrospective study examined was conducted of 125 children with atopic dermatitis who were following elimination diets based on sensitization tests (IgE or SPT).
A home-cooked elimination diet was initially suggested to the owner, and a source of carbohydrate (potato, sweet potato, cassava or rice) and a source of protein (lamb, rabbit, pork or fish) were suggested.
Elimination diets become an important diagnostic tool when there is no clear cause and effect between ingestion of food and symptoms.
"While awareness of food allergy is increasing along with the prevalence of the disease, it is important to draw attention to the important consequences of elimination diets. We feel that providers should counsel patients and caregivers about the growth-related risks of the elimination diets that are used to treat food allergy, and ensure that families are excluding only the foods that are medically required or otherwise culturally indicated, that nutritional assessment and/or supplementation is provided as needed, and that subspecialty consultation is arranged, especially for children at highest risk," he said.
Of further importance, mislabeled food allergy can be identified and unwarranted and potentially harmful elimination diets can be prevented.
Experts strongly advise dog owners to conduct elimination diets under the guidance of a veterinarian who is familiar with an animal's overall health and lifestyle as well as its eating habits and its history of allergy.
The guidelines recommend and describe many valuable tests [e.g., skin prick testing, food elimination diets, oral food challenges, and specific IgE blood tests (sIgE)] available to assist in the identification of foods that may be provoking IgE-mediated allergic reactions.
Food diaries and trial elimination diets may prove helpful in identifying the responsible foods.
Elimination diets, skin testing, in vitro assays, and food challenges also have roles in diagnosis, she said.
Studies of elimination diets for ADHD have investigated the effects of withholding sugar and artificial food colorings (AFCs).
* To improve RA symptoms, some people try dietary changes, such as elimination diets or fasts, vegan diets (no meat, fish, eggs, or milk products), vegetarian diets, or Mediterranean-style diets (small amounts of meat, more fish, fruits and vegetables, and olive oil).

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