(1) Essential oil (15%), comprising [alpha]-pinene, pinene, [alpha]-terpinene, [beta]-terpinene, myristicin, elemicin
(Figure 13(b)), and safrole (Figure 13(c))
55 1518 1517 Myristicin 2.4 56 1513 1513 [gamma]-Cadinene 57 1516 1520 7-epi-[alpha]-Selinene 58 1501 1511 [delta]-Amorphene 0.3 59 1518 1522 [delta]-Cadinene 0.4 60 1530 1545 Propiopiperone 61 1544 1548 Elemol 62 1554 1555 Elemicin
1.4 63 1559 1561 (E)-Nerolidol 0.5 64 1571 1577 Spathulenol 0.5 65 1576 1582 Caryophyllene oxide 1.5 66 1580 1601 [alpha]-Cedrol 67 1582 1590 Globulol 68 1584 1592 Viridiflorol 1.2 69 1593 1624 Selina-6-en-4-ol 70 1606 -- n.i.
Upon GC/MS analysis essential oil contained thirty compounds eluted on a DB-1-1022 column such as 1R-a-Pinene, b-Pinene, D-Limonene, b-Phellandrene, b-Terpinyl acetate, T-Terpinene, p-Cymene, Dehydro-p-cymene, cis-b-Terpineol, Trans-p-Metha-2,8-dienal, 4-Terpineol, Trans-dihydrocarvone, a-Terpineol, D-Carvone, Carvone, Cis-p-Menth-1-en-3-ol, 2,3-Epoxycarene, L-cis-Sabinol, p-Cymen-8-ol, cis-Carveol, Estragole, 2-Pinen-4-one, 2-Allyl-4-methyl phenol, O-tert-butyl Phenol, Thymol, Carvacrol, Elemicin
, Myristicin, Apiol, Methoxyeugenol and Limonene-6-ol, pivalate (Table 5).
, one of the phenolic compounds that possess antifungal properties  was identified.
In addition, they showed radical scavenging activities in DPPH assays which were attributed to the presence of high percentages of phenylpropanoids and an ester in their essential oils: myristicin (53.6%), (E)-anethole (25.0%), hexyl butanoate (29.7%) and elemicin
(41.1%), respectively .Recently, the essential oils of the fruits and aerial parts of A.
Its psychoactive effects could be attributed to metabolic formation of amphetamine derivatives from its core ingredients, elemicin
, myristicin, and safrole.
calamus were 4-terpineol, 2-allyl-5-ethoxy-4-methoxyphenol, epieudesmin, lysidine, spathulenol, borneol, furylethyl ketone, nonanoic acid, 2,2,5,5tetramethyl-3-hexanol, bornyl acetate, galgravin, retusin, (9E,12E,15E)-9,12,15-octadecatrien-l-ol, butyl butanoate, geranyl acetate, sakuranin, acetic acid, camphor, isoelemicin, a-ursolic acid, acetophenone, dehydroabietic acid, isoeugenol methylether, apigenin 4',7-dimethyl ether, dehydrodiisoeugenol, linalool, elemicin
, linolenic acid (Balakumbahan et al.
1 NUTMEG contains many essential volatile oils like myristicin, elemicin
and safrole, which give a sweet aromatic flavour to nutmeg.
Components of secondary importance to aroma included the carbonyl fractions, followed by alcohols, hydrocarbons and elemicin
An analogy exists with nutmeg, from Myristica fragrans Houttuyn, which is used as a psychoactive drug and contains a number of aromatic ethers in the essential oil fraction, most notably myristicin (3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxysubstituted) and elemicin