elemicin


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elemicin

An aromatic phenylpropene ether with anticholinergic properties that is extracted from nutmeg and which has psychoactive properties. Excess consumption of nutmeg results in delirium and disorientation.
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Upon GC/MS analysis essential oil contained thirty compounds eluted on a DB-1-1022 column such as 1R-a-Pinene, b-Pinene, D-Limonene, b-Phellandrene, b-Terpinyl acetate, T-Terpinene, p-Cymene, Dehydro-p-cymene, cis-b-Terpineol, Trans-p-Metha-2,8-dienal, 4-Terpineol, Trans-dihydrocarvone, a-Terpineol, D-Carvone, Carvone, Cis-p-Menth-1-en-3-ol, 2,3-Epoxycarene, L-cis-Sabinol, p-Cymen-8-ol, cis-Carveol, Estragole, 2-Pinen-4-one, 2-Allyl-4-methyl phenol, O-tert-butyl Phenol, Thymol, Carvacrol, Elemicin, Myristicin, Apiol, Methoxyeugenol and Limonene-6-ol, pivalate (Table 5).
Meanwhile, Elemicin, one of the phenolic compounds that possess antifungal properties [29] was identified.
The phenylpropanoids anethole, myristicin, elemicin and apiol are reported in many members of Apiaceae plants [3-5, 14] and reported as the main biologically active constituents of the essential oils of these plants [5].
Its psychoactive effects could be attributed to metabolic formation of amphetamine derivatives from its core ingredients, elemicin, myristicin, and safrole.
calamus were 4-terpineol, 2-allyl-5-ethoxy-4-methoxyphenol, epieudesmin, lysidine, spathulenol, borneol, furylethyl ketone, nonanoic acid, 2,2,5,5tetramethyl-3-hexanol, bornyl acetate, galgravin, retusin, (9E,12E,15E)-9,12,15-octadecatrien-l-ol, butyl butanoate, geranyl acetate, sakuranin, acetic acid, camphor, isoelemicin, a-ursolic acid, acetophenone, dehydroabietic acid, isoeugenol methylether, apigenin 4',7-dimethyl ether, dehydrodiisoeugenol, linalool, elemicin, linolenic acid (Balakumbahan et al.
1 NUTMEG contains many essential volatile oils like myristicin, elemicin and safrole, which give a sweet aromatic flavour to nutmeg.
Components of secondary importance to aroma included the carbonyl fractions, followed by alcohols, hydrocarbons and elemicin.
An analogy exists with nutmeg, from Myristica fragrans Houttuyn, which is used as a psychoactive drug and contains a number of aromatic ethers in the essential oil fraction, most notably myristicin (3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxysubstituted) and elemicin (3,4,5-trimethoxysubstituted).