elemental diet


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diet

 [di´et]
1. the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by a person from day to day.
2. more narrowly, a regimen of food intake planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain foods. See also nutrition.
acid-ash diet a special diet prescribed to increase the acidity of the urine so that alkaline salts will remain in solution. The diet may be given to aid in the elimination of fluid in certain kinds of edema, in the treatment of some types of urinary tract infection, and to inhibit the formation of alkaline urinary calculi. Meat, fish, eggs, and cereals are emphasized, with little fruit and vegetables and no milk or cheese.
alkali-ash diet a therapeutic diet prescribed to increase the alkalinity of the urine and dissolve uric acid and cystine urinary calculi. This type of diet changes the urinary pH so that certain salts are kept in solution and excreted in the urine. Emphasis is placed on fruits, vegetables, and milk. Meat, eggs, bread, and cereals are restricted.
bland diet one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
DASH diet (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; low in saturated and total fats; low in cholesterol; and high in fiber. Research studies support the hypothesis that this diet reduces blood pressure and may play a role in prevention of high blood pressure.
elemental diet one consisting of a well-balanced, residue-free mixture of all essential and nonessential amino acids combined with simple sugars, electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins.
elimination diet one for diagnosis of food allergy, based on omission of foods that might cause symptoms in the patient.
Feingold diet a controversial diet for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, which excludes artificial colorings and flavorings, preservatives, and salicylates. The national institutes of health consensus statement, Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, notes that exclusion diets like this are an area warranting additional research.
gluten-free diet see gluten-free diet.
high calorie diet one that furnishes more calories than needed to maintain weight, often more than 3500–4000 calories per day.
high fat diet one that furnishes more than 35 per cent of its total calories from fats; see also ketogenic diet.
high fiber diet one high in dietary fiber (typically more than 24 g daily), which decreases bowel transit time and relieves constipation.
high protein diet one containing large amounts of protein, consisting largely of meats, fish, milk, legumes, and nuts.
ketogenic diet one that produces ketones or acetones, or mild acidosis, such as one that is low in calories with insufficient carbohydrate and protein; it is occasionally used in the treatment of epilepsy. See also low fat diet.
liquid diet see liquid diet.
low calorie diet one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight, e.g., less than 1200 calories per day for an adult.
low fat diet one containing limited amounts of fat.
low fiber diet low residue diet.
low purine diet one for mitigation of gout, omitting meat, fowl, and fish and substituting milk, eggs, cheese, and vegetable protein.
low residue diet one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable, as in colostomy patients. Called also low fiber diet and minimal residue diet.
low tyramine diet a special diet required by patients receiving MAO inhibitors. Foods containing tyramine include aged cheeses, red wine, beer, cream, chocolate, and yeast.
minimal residue diet low residue diet.
protein-sparing diet one consisting only of liquid protein or liquid mixtures of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, containing no more than 600 calories; it is designed to maintain a favorable nitrogen balance. Such diets have been used in weight loss programs, but are used only rarely now, usually only in inpatient settings.
purine-free diet low purine diet.
vegan diet the diet of a vegan; see also veganism.
vegetarian diet see vegetarian diet.

elemental diet

Nutrition
A basic diet composed of oligopeptides and amino acids, disaccharides or partially hydrolysed starch, and minimal fat; elemental diets provide proton (hydrogen ion) neutralisation sufficient to maintain gastric pH above pH 3.5. 

In patients with severe burns, only 3% of those receiving an elemental had major upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage compared to 30% of those fed with a regular diet; commercial elemental diets include Precision, Travasorb and Vivonex.

elemental diet

Nutrition A basic diet composed of oligopeptides and amino acids, disaccharides or partially hydrolyzed starch, and minimal fat; EDs provide proton–hydrogen ion neutralization sufficient to maintain gastric pH above pH 3.5. See Diet.
References in periodicals archive ?
Previous studies showed that the patients on elemental diet significantly lost weight during the treatment.
Elemental diet is not intended for reducing body fat, according to (https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/elemental-diet) Healthline .
Feller, "Experience with elemental diet in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.
Ferguson, "Reduction of gastrointestinal protein loss by elemental diet in Crohn's disease of the small bowel," Gut, vol.
SerVaas: What preparations for elemental diets are available?
Occasionally, exclusive elemental diets and protein hydrolysate diets may be useful in diagnosing severe allergic disease.
Recent studies exploring elemental diets in children have found that these diets can lead to a complete amelioration of esophageal eosinophils, confirming that food allergies are related to eosinophilic esophagitis in at least some patients.
Further underscoring the allergic nature of eosinophilic esophagitis is the fact that most affected patients respond to antiallergy therapy, whether it be swallowed inhaled corticosteroids or food elimination or elemental diets, Dr.
Enteral and parenteral nutrition: normoproteic diets, diets polymeric, oligomeric diets, enteral diets, special diets, parenteral nutrition, multivitamins, liquid diets, elemental diets, specific diets, pediatric diets, etc.Estimated cost excluding VAT: 2,091,000
Elemental diets, which are useful as adjunctive therapy for exacerbations, may induce remission in selected patients.
Studies have shown that elemental diets can be just as effective as corticosteroids in reducing intestinal inflammation and promoting disease remission, but the diets tended to improve growth and development, while steroids suppressed it.