electron transport


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electron transport

n.
The movement of electrons from one electron carrier to another in a series of oxidation-reduction reactions. Electron transport is used in the light reactions of photosynthesis and in the final stage of cellular respiration to produce ATP from ADP, phosphate, and the energy that is released as an electron is moved from one carrier to another with a lower level of energy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1 shows a summary of some of those shrimp proteins that may play central roles within the mitochondria, including those from metabolic pathways such as the Krebs cycle, the electron transport chain, and ATP synthesis.
4 H2S inhibits mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase that paralyzes the electron transport system, prevents oxygen cellular utilization and interferes with oxygen transport system by binding with haemoglobin.
The EIS test has resulted electrode conductivity observed as the best mechanisms of electron transport evaluation system.
At the same time, the above observation (perfect anti-bunching) also guarantees that the electron transport occurs in a quantum coherent way.
First, it plays an essential role in the electron transport chain, facilitating the efficient transfer of electrons into ATP.
Malate is the key intermediate product of the C4 pathway; it not only carries CO2 from MC to BSC, but also transfers NADPH generated in MC chloroplasts by the electron transport chain to BSC.
Raxone (idebenone), a synthetic short-chain benzoquinone and a cofactor for the enzyme NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), is capable of transferring electrons directly onto complex III of the mitochondrial electron transport chain, thereby circumventing the complex I defect, reducing and scavenging ROS and restoring cellular energy levels in retinal ganglion cells and promoting recovery of visual acuity.
In OXPHOS, electron donors transfer electrons to electron acceptors by using electron transport chains.
The influence of surface counter-doping and transverse electric field on electron transport will be discussed in detail.

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