In the same way, the short range Yukawa potential could be regarded as a screened initially long range fictitious potential, and we consider also the

electromagnetic interaction to be screened as well, because now the flux of incoming particles should be normalized for a wave packet of the relevant size rather than for a plane wave.

The

electromagnetic interaction and the gravitational interaction decreased in intensity with the square of the distance.

mu]] denotes the charge's 4-current and the last term of (3) represents the

electromagnetic interaction.

The gravitational interaction affects all particles with mass, while the

electromagnetic interaction affects only electrically charged particles, the strong interaction affects only hadrons, and the weak interaction is most prominent in connection with leptons.

Meanwhile the fast far-field approximation (FAFFA) technique was applied to speed up the

electromagnetic interaction between the object and the rough surface.

3]] and the

electromagnetic interaction (8) is a term of the Lagrangian density.

The

electromagnetic interaction is an interaction between electric charges.

It establishes magnetism as a force entirely separate from the

electromagnetic interaction and converts all of classical magnetism into a quantum theory.

In considering the proton-q particle

electromagnetic interaction, we must therefore assume that the mass [[?

Additionally, it uses

electromagnetic interaction of mutual induction to control voltages, protecting the device components and reducing degradation over time or through repeated usage.

The second term represents Coulomb's law for the

electromagnetic interaction between two electric charges [[?

In the 1960s, by prominent American Sheldon Lee Glashow (born 1932), Steven Weinberg (1933-1996) and Pakistani Abdus Salam (1926-1996) theoretical physicists, quantum theory of weak and

electromagnetic interactions in microcosm has been developed using the principle of gauge invariance [22].