electrolyte balance


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Related to electrolyte balance: Electrolyte imbalance

electrolyte balance

the equilibrium between electrolytes in the body.

electrolyte balance

The critical balance between the concentration in the cells and that in the tissue fluid surrounding the cells of the various inorganic IONS. The electrolytes mainly in the cells are potassium, magnesium, sulphate and phosphate. Those in the surrounding fluid are mainly sodium, chloride and bicarbonate. This balance is essential to life and is maintained by the active pumping action of the cell membranes.

electrolyte balance

the state of appropriate concentrations of ionized solutes in the body fluids. Exercise-induced disturbances in electrolyte balance are mainly related to either increase or decrease in concentration of sodium [Na+], the most abundant cation in the extracellular fluids. Increase in plasma [Na+] (hypernatraemia) is associated with depletion of blood volume by severe sweat loss and is common in athletes at the end of long-distance races. Exercise-associated decrease in plasma [Na+] (hyponatraemia) is not uncommonly seen after prolonged activity such as a marathon where runners, aware of the importance of adequate fluid intake and rehydration, overcompensate with low-sodium drinks or excessive plain water (water intoxication). This can result in significant hyponatraemia, leading at worst to cardiovascular collapse and death. See also hydration status, potassium, sodium, sports drinks.
References in periodicals archive ?
As fluid is being consumed, the electrolyte balance is changing, and this is being sensed.
For normal growth and development and the best production performance, the diet must have an ideal electrolyte balance.
There was a total reliance on the father to maintain electrolyte balance.
The high levels of water, potassium, and natural sodium in celery help maintain electrolyte balance, and the minerals in celery help normalize the acid-alkaline balance in the body, counteracting excess acidity brought on by stress.
Additionally, there are chapters devoted to the senses, blood, nutrition and metabolism, fluid and electrolyte balance, acid-base balance and growth and development.
Sodium: This routine test is used to evaluate and monitor fluid and electrolyte balance and therapy.
While neurosurgical patients are a small subset of patients who may require desmopressin, the importance of monitoring fluids and electrolyte balance are not limited to this population in critical care.
Following the system approach to nursing, this study aid reviews the disease process, treatment, and diagnostic testing of fluid and electrolyte balance, burns, cancer, psychiatric disorders, and problems commonly seen in each body system.
serving--to help maintain electrolyte balance, encourage athletes to drink more, and help with fluid retention.
It often results in better control of diabetes and high blood pressure, as well as early and more adequate correction of anemia and disturbances in electrolyte balance.
In addition, studies that exploit the zebrafish to model physiological processes such as renal function, fluid and electrolyte balance, are relevant to NIDDK.
The kidneys are responsible for fluid and electrolyte balance, production of red blood cells, drug excretion, removal of bodily wastes, and maintenance of calcium in our bones.