electrolyte balance


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Related to electrolyte balance: Electrolyte imbalance

electrolyte balance

the equilibrium between electrolytes in the body.

electrolyte balance

The critical balance between the concentration in the cells and that in the tissue fluid surrounding the cells of the various inorganic IONS. The electrolytes mainly in the cells are potassium, magnesium, sulphate and phosphate. Those in the surrounding fluid are mainly sodium, chloride and bicarbonate. This balance is essential to life and is maintained by the active pumping action of the cell membranes.

electrolyte balance

the state of appropriate concentrations of ionized solutes in the body fluids. Exercise-induced disturbances in electrolyte balance are mainly related to either increase or decrease in concentration of sodium [Na+], the most abundant cation in the extracellular fluids. Increase in plasma [Na+] (hypernatraemia) is associated with depletion of blood volume by severe sweat loss and is common in athletes at the end of long-distance races. Exercise-associated decrease in plasma [Na+] (hyponatraemia) is not uncommonly seen after prolonged activity such as a marathon where runners, aware of the importance of adequate fluid intake and rehydration, overcompensate with low-sodium drinks or excessive plain water (water intoxication). This can result in significant hyponatraemia, leading at worst to cardiovascular collapse and death. See also hydration status, potassium, sodium, sports drinks.
References in periodicals archive ?
To determine optimum dietary electrolyte balance it is important to keep the balance between the Na+ and Cl-.
A change in pH impacts electrolyte balance, enzyme activity, muscle contractions, and cellular function.
Thus, the electrolyte balance needs to be studied in detail, along with the reduction in feed crude protein, since it is an additional tool in poultry feeds, considering that the electrolyte proportion needs to be evaluated and adjusted, in order to contribute to this important segment of the Brazilian poultry farming.
These cells might then have the opportunity to directly sense electrolyte balance in body fluids," Zuker points out.
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a progressive irreversible deterioration of renal function in which the body fails to maintain metabolic fluid and electrolyte balance.
Dehydration can affect your electrolyte balance and not having enough magnesium or potassium in your blood stream affects muscles.
He cautions, however, that the medication--an antidiuretic hormone (Vasopressin)--also can cause insufficient urine production, which can upset the patient's serum electrolyte balance.
The patient's outcome was favourable, with complete resolution of the neuropsychiatric symptoms after adequate electrolyte balance (after three days), hemodynamic stability and arrhythmias resolution (one day).
The seeds can absorb more than their own weight in water, which helps prolong hydration and retain the body's electrolyte balance.