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The dried flowers of Sambucus canadensis or S. nigra (family Caprifoliaceae), the common elder or black elder; weak laxative.
Synonym(s): elder, elder flowers
[L. an elder-tree]


an herb found in the United States and Europe as a tall shrub.
uses This berry or flower may be useful for limiting the duration of symptoms from colds and flu; the flower is also used as a mouthwash and applied topically as an astringent for nasal and chest congestion, earache associated with chronic congestion, and hay fever.
contraindications It is not recommended during pregnancy and lactation, in children, or in those with known hypersensitivity to this plant or similar plants. Raw or unripe fruit can cause nausea, vomiting, and severe diarrhea.


adjective Referring to a person of advanced age.

noun A person of advanced age.


Patient discussion about elder

Q. Here is a challenging question for you. Do you look young or old for your age? Hi,Here is a challenging question for you. Do you look young or old for your age?

A. Unfortunately I look older than my age, people say that I look 22-25. However I'm just 20. I'm not a smoker, I don't drink alcohol every week, so I have no idea. :)

Q. I have a 16 month old, I was just wondering what is a good age to indroduce soda? I have a friend who already indroduced soda to her 2 year old. At the time her child was only 13 months.

A. Why give her that? Even as adults, there's no special benefit from soda (or other carbonated beverages), and as a child the nutritionally-poor soda may make your child feel full so he or she may not want to eat more important food such as vegetables or protein.

Q. My elder sister is 29 years old, 150 cm tall, into her ninth month of pregnancy. she had a sugar test My elder sister is 29 years old, 150 cm tall, into her ninth month of pregnancy. she had a sugar test done during her first trimester, which revealed her blood sugar to be 95 mg/dl. My doctor asked her to go for a 75 g GTT at 6 months and the readings were: fasting sugar - 90 mg/dl, 1hour: 144 mg/dl and 2 hour: 114 mg/dl. At the beginning of pregnancy, her weight was 62 Kg and now she weigh 72Kg. A random sugar test at 32 weeks reported blood sugar to be 105 mg/dl. she continued with her normal food cravings, which were a little high on sugar levels since she mostly enjoyed eating sweets. She wants to know whether or not she suffering from gestational diabetes?

A. Gestational diabetes is also diagnosed based on plasma glucose values measured during the OGTT. Blood glucose levels are checked four times during the test. If your blood glucose levels are above normal at least twice during the test, you have gestational diabetes. Below shows the results for the OGTT for gestational diabetes.

Fasting: 95 mg/dL or higher
At 1 hour: 180 mg/dL or higher
At 2 hours: 155 mg/dL or higher
At 3 hours: 140 mg/dL or higher

So your sister does not have Gestational diabetes.

If you want to know details about gestational diabetes, Visit:

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References in periodicals archive ?
45) However, the chief defender of the New England church polity during the 1640s, John Cotton, defended ruling eldership to the point of insisting that they were not laymen but "Church-officers set apart to their office by the election of the people, and by imposition of hands," and indeed, "part of that Church body which those ancient times called Clerus.
Presented with these two examples of functional ruling eldership, however, Long Parliament MPs still did not have a clear idea where to place ruling elders along a spiritual/secular continuum; neither the kirk nor the New England churches had been consistent in applying theory to practice.
Given this greater sense of separation between layman and cleric than that shown in Scotland or New England, a major reason behind the lack of candidates for ruling eldership in Civil War and Interregnum England could well have been a sense of personal unfitness on the part of prospective volunteers.
108) In 1618 the provost of Edinburgh was told by a socially inferior deacon in kirk session, "Sir, ye are but a Sessioner here," but after that occasion procedural methods were used to ensure that henceforth the eldership would be dominated by the Edinburgh social and political elite.
When on April 24 the Commons considered whether "the matter of scandal in such as were to be admitted to the Sacrament should be examined by the Minister and Eldership of every parish or by some justice of the Peace or other Lay Magistrate," arguments for the latter included not only assertions that ministers should concentrate on study and preaching and not intermeddle in matters of civil jurisdiction, but also, first, that the party accused would not have the chance to call witnesses; second, that if the eldership examined a man under oath for a crime and the civil magistrate examined him under oath for the same crime, a man would be punished twice for the same offence; and, third, that there could be a "clashing between two jurisdictions.
The House postponed the issue that day by voting that the eldership could suspend any such persons as had already been "Lawfully Convicted of any such matters of scandall as had been voted in the house.
These concerns for due process had been largely solved in Scotland and New England by more effective cooperation between civil magistrate and church eldership.