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The elbow joint connects the large bone of the upper arm, the humerus, with the two smaller bones of the lower arm, the radius and ulna. It is one of the body's more versatile joints, with a combined hinge and rotating action allowing the arm to bend and the hand to make a half turn. The flexibility of the elbow and shoulder joints together permits a nearly infinite variety of hand movements.
The action of the elbow is controlled primarily by the biceps and the triceps muscles. When the biceps contracts, the arm bends at the elbow. When the triceps contracts, the arm straightens. In each action, the opposite muscle exerts a degree of opposing tension, moderating the movement so that it is smooth and even instead of sudden and jerky.
As in other joints, the ends of the bones meeting at the elbow have a smooth covering of cartilage that minimizes friction when the joint is moved. The elbow joint is lubricated with synovia, and its movement is eased by the bursa, a small sac of connective tissue. The bones forming the joint are held together by tough, fibrous ligaments. The “funny bone” is not a bone but the ulnar nerve, a vulnerable and sensitive nerve lying close to the surface near the point of the elbow. Hitting it causes a tingling pain or sensation that may be felt all the way to the fingers.
elbowThe synovial joint between the brachium and the antebrachium. See Cat's elbow, Coal workers' elbow, Golfer's elbow, Mouse elbow, Nursemaid's elbow, Student's elbow, Tennis elbow.
Synonym(s): cubitus (1) [TA] .
elbow(el'bo?) [Old English. eln, forearm + boga, bend]
Boston elbowBoston arm.
golfer's elbowMedial humeral epicondylitis
little league elbow
The subluxation can be readily reduced with closed manipulation.
tennis elbowSee: tennis elbow
Patient discussion about elbow
Q. Are there any alternative treatments to Tennis Elbow? I've been suffering from Tennis Elbow for over 2 years and would really like to avoid surgery. Any suggestions based on your experience would be highly appreciated.
and omega 3 fatty acids.
that's all i know...i investigated the subject as you can see :)
Q. I am suffering from tennis elbow for nearly three months. What is the best treatment and exercise? There is very pain and I can not lift any weight even mug to bath. I attended my doctor who advised me Nucoxia 90 (Etoricoxib 90) 1 OD for 14 days and SWD 10 minutes for 6 days at affected right elbow. There was some relief for few days but again the position is same due to which I am unable to do my routine works. At night on sleeping, the arm becomes heavy and painful.
Q. MY MOM HAS A BIG PAIN ON HER RIGHT ELBOW AND WE DONT KNOW WAHT IS IT ITS BEEN ALMOST 3 MONTHS SHE HITED HER ELBOW ON THE CLOSET DOOR BUT I THINK THE HIT WASNT TOO BAD FOR IT TO NOT CURE ON 2 MONTHS