Therefore, the AIDS model has been used to represent the system of the expenditure shares of these countries, and non-linear least square method can be used to estimate the parameters of the model, so testing the significance of regression coefficients, verifying the restrictions, and calculation of own, cross, and the income elasticity
Lee (2001) reported that chopped strands of fibers 3 mm sized added to the heat-polymerized acrylic resins denture base more than 3% can significantly increase the modulus of elasticity
.  Keyf and Uzun (2001) reported that transverse strength, maximal deflection, and modulus of elasticity
were increased in heat-polymerized acrylic resins added with 1% glass fiber.
The high consistency silicone rubber Elastosil R plus 4001 already includes products of varying elasticity
and hardness, with grades ranging between 30 and 80 durometer A.
If the prospect-theory equation were held unchanged and the riskless component were treated as a constant, the income elasticity
becomes equal to the ratio of a percentage change in the probability of a loss, to a percentage change in the potential loss.
The software generated and automatically calculated the mean ([E.sub.Mean]), minimum ([E.sub.Min]), maximum ([E.sub.Max]), and standard deviation (ESD) of the lesions' shear elasticity
indices in kilopascals (kPa).
His finding may point the way toward controlling the elasticity
of certain materials by designing their magnetic properties or applying a magnetic field to them.
With the precision crossing with positively driven swift technology, it is possible to obtain FAPP(tm) with a perfect and controlled yarn laying, without patterning, which is a guarantee for their excellent unwinding at a constant tension, thus allowing to keep elasticity
and a high performance during subsequent production phases.
Therefore, this paper attempts to fill this research gap by incorporating two types of demand (linear demand and constant elasticity
demand) and a dynamic SD population consisting of price takers and bargainers into the analysis of dynamic pricing in a CMfg system.
Demand price elasticity
([[lambda].sub.1]) states that a 1% increase in the real price of cigarettes reduces consumption by [[lambda].sub.1]%, while the income elasticity
([[lambda].sub.2]) indicates that a 1% increase in a consumer's real income increases the amount consumed by [[lambda].sub.2]% in the long run.
It's very easy to tell whether a yarn has elasticity
or not: simply take a strand of the yarn, hold a section between your hands, and gently tug.
Most studies using aggregate lottery-demand models have estimated an income elasticity
of demand that is less than one (and conclude that lotteries are regressive), whereas evidence on the cross-price elasticity
of demand is mixed.