The spitting elapid
species in southern African (Naja mossambica, N.
87) Although the common brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis) has a less effective biting mechanism than other Australian elapid
snakes, the danger lies in the speed with which the venom enters the circulation.
Three-finger toxins, non-enzymatic proteins of 60-74 amino acid residues, were thought to be present only in elapid
venoms, but their presence was recently demonstrated in colubrid and viperid venoms as well (Doley et al.
The venomous species include sea snakes (15 species); elapids
(5 species) and vipers (7 species / sub species) (Minton, 1966).
Other than research on elapids
in southeastern Australia (Webb and Shine, 1998; Webb et al.
Death adders (Acanthophis) are terrestrial elapids
who superficially resemble vipers.
phylogeny: a summary of the chromosomal and electrophoretic data.
ECG abnormalities in patients bitten by taipans and other elapid
snakes in papua New Guinea.
A parasitological survey was conducted in specimens of the semiaquatic coral snake Micrurus surinamensis, a poorly known South American elapid
The snakes belong to the elapid
family, squamata order, and reptilia class.
Adaptive coloration, antipredator mechanisms, aposematism, elapid
snakes, mimicry, vertebrates.
The Eastern Small-eyed Snake Cryptophis nigrescens is a small nocturnal elapid
found along the east coast of Australia from Melbourne in Victoria to Cooktown in Queensland (Cogger 2014).