Though belonging to the family of Elapids
, empirical evidence suggests that the Zebra snake has acquired highly potent cytotoxic, hemorrhagic, anticoagulant, and thrombolytic toxins whilst retaining their familial neurotoxins.
Neurotoxic s[PLA.sub.2]s are mainly found in the Elapidae (kraits, elapids
, and coral snakes) and Viperidae (vipers and rattlesnakes).
Structure-function properties of venom components from Australian elapids
. Toxicon, 37, 11-32.
1990) then we can assume that snakes must have reproduced, given a conservative estimate of the lifespan of wild elapids
is 5-20 years (i.e.
Molecular phylogeny of viviparous Australian elapid
snakes: affinities of Echiopsis atriceps (Storr, 1980) and Drysdalia coronata (Schlegel, 1837), with description of a new genus.
Broady, "Purification and inhibitory profile of phospholipase [A.sub.2] inhibitors from Australian elapid
sera," Biochemical Journal, vol.
The diagnosis of elapid
neurotoxic snake bite, especially when the patient is unaware of being bitten or where the culprit has not been identified, may occasionally be difficult.
The venom of Australia's dangerous elapid
snakes is powerfully neurotoxic, attacking nerve cells and thus causing weakness and paralysis.
Surgical technique for isolation of the main venom gland of viperid, crotalid and elapid
Production of potent polyvalent antivenom against three elapid
venoms using a low dose, low volume, multi-site immunization protocol.
snakes (front-fanged venomous land snakes) are the most important group medically, and most Australian snakes belong to this group.
Growth rates and sexual maturation in six species of Australian elapid