Byrnes et al., "Ecological-Level associations between highly processed food intakes and plasma phospholipid elaidic acid
concentrations: results from a cross-sectional study within the European prospective investigation into Cancer and nutrition (EPIC)," Nutrition and Cancer, vol.
Incubations were carried out using 100 [[micro]gram] of the larval homogenates for 15 min at 30 [degrees] C in the presence of either phosphatidylserine/diolein (PS/DO), 10 [[micro]molar] arachidonic acid (AA), 10 [[micro]molar] JH III, 10 [[micro]molar] MF, or 10 [[micro]molar] elaidic acid
Our previous studies have shown that elaidic acid
decreased lactate dehydrogenase leakage, content of secretory NO, and the activity of NO synthase in endothelial cells .
Linoleic acid was found in highest percentage (65.70 [+ or -] 0.004%) in Heliotropium bacciferum followed by eicosadienoic acid (15.12 [+ or -] 0.002%), oleic acid (8.72 [+ or -] 0.007%), palmitic acid (8.14 [+ or -] 0.005%), stearic acid (1.74 [+ or -] 0.003%), elaidic acid
(0.58 [+ or -] 0.002%), and myristic acid (0.20 [+ or -] 0.005%), respectively.
13###C18:1n9T; Elaidic acid
, methyl ester###20.34###0.10
Rhus coriaria was found to possess fatty acids such as malic acid, linoleic acid, azelaic acid, tetradecanoic acid, 7- hexadecenoic acid, ethyl octadecenoate, palmitic acid, oleic acid, elaidic acid
, stearic acid, 11,13-eicosadienoic acid, 11-eicosenoic acid, arachidic acid, behenic acid, and tetracosanoic acid.
The most common TFAs resulting from hydrogenation is elaidic acid
(18:1 n9 trans).
In fact, a greater quantity of C18:1 n9,t (elaidic acid
), an intermediate product of biohydrogenation, was observed.
The FAT mixture group received a mixture of lauric acid (0.4 mg), myristic acid (3.0 mg), palmitic acid (15.3 mg), palmitoleic acid (7.1 mg), stearic acid (3.7 mg), oleic acid (8.0 mg), elaidic acid
(1.5 mg), and linoleic acid (4.4 mg) dissolved in 100 mL of vehicle (96% propylene glycol and 4% ethanol) at a temperature of 37-40[degrees]C.
We recently reported that human amniotic fluid, co lostrum, and milk consistently contained eight FATs (C12:0, lauric acid; C14:0, myristic acid; C16:0, palmitic acid; C16:1, palmitoleic acid; C18:0, stearic acid; C18:1 cis, oleic acid; C18:1 trans, elaidic acid
; C18:2, linoleic acid) in similar proportions.
The most abundant fatty acid (Table 6) for all treatments was palmitic acid ([C.sub.16:0]) followed by elaidic acid
([C.sub.18:1n9t]), capric acid ([C.sub.10:0]) and stearic acid ([C.sub.18:0]).
Concentrations of stearic acid (p<0.001), elaidic acid
(p<0.020), oleic acid (p<0.046), vaccenic acid (t11-[C.sub.18:1], p<0.001) and [C.sub.18:2] (p<0.009) were increased in the milk fat of goats fed the supplemented diets compared to those fed the CON diet.