For more on the meaning and definition of the term, see Tara Smith, Ayn Rand's Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 257; and Ayn Rand, Letters of Ayn Rand, edited by Michael S.
If asked by another person what one should do, where in fact it would be in one's interest to take a job one also wants, could a consistent egoist
give the correct advice?
But this approach, ostensibly more "balanced" and "nuanced" in its assessment of the "full range" of human behaviors and motives, in no way questions or refutes the prejudicial caricatures of egoism; indeed, the approach uses those caricatures, for otherwise it would be unnecessary to insist that egoists
may feel for others, if by egoist
it is meant, quite innocently, one who merely seeks to be the primary (though not always the sole) beneficiary of his own actions.
A value egoist
might claim, analogously, that there is little difference in practice between an ethic based on value egoism that fully appreciates the value of others for me and a more inclusive anthropocentric ethic that posits duty-generating value in all humans (so that enlightened egoism is pragmatically equivalent to ordinary anthropocentric morality).
According to Rudebusch's view, Socrates would be egoist
if he were a eudaemonist, but he is not a eudaemonist.
Fixed Effects Tobit Regression Estimating the Amount Contributed in the Public Goods Experiment, by Subject Type Variable Egoist
Model (SE) Altruist Model (SE) Intercept -2.
The government's amicable union of nationalists and egoists
could last only so long, given the turmoil in Abkhazia and South Ossetia and a skyrocketing national debt.
They now saw themselves not as a community of helpful democrats, devoted to the loftiest ideals, but as a heterogeneous clan of weaklings, fakers, egoists
, lovers, haters, hypocrites; little men and women.
Finally, Honorable Egoists
score high on moral instrumental values and personal terminal values.
The Freewoman published important syndicalists like Guy Bowman, Stirnerian egoists
like Steven Byington, and anarchists like Guy Aldred and Benjamin Tucker.
However, if nonaffected egoists
seek to maximize their utility they should accept the introduction of higher taxes which they do not need to pay and take the benefits which come from increased public budget which allows for higher public investments for the common good.